Penza

/pen"zeuh/; Russ. /pyen"zeuh/, n.
a city in the W Russian Federation in Europe. 543,000.

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Russia
      city and administrative centre of Penza oblast (region), western Russia, at the confluence of the Penza and Sura rivers. The city was founded in 1666 as a major fortress; after 1684 it formed the western end of the Syzran defensive line. It was frequently attacked by the Crimean Tatars, suffering especially in their last assault of 1717. With the settlement of the surrounding lands, Penza became an important agricultural centre. Grain was sent to Moscow, first by the Sura River and, after the 1870s, by rail. The processing of farm products is still a significant economic factor, but it has been surpassed in importance by industries producing machinery, diesel engines, compressors, calculating machines, and bicycles; there are also watchmaking, papermaking, and timber-working industries. The city's tree-lined streets have spread from the hill, on which the fortress originally stood, onto the level Sura floodplain. Penza has teacher-training, polytechnic, engineering, and agricultural institutes, an observatory, and several industrial-research institutions. Pop. (2006 est.) 509,997.

      oblast (region), western Russia, occupying the western flank of the Volga Upland, which falls gently to the Oka–Don Plain in the extreme west. The oblast lies in the zone of forest-steppe. About one-fifth of its surface is in pine or oak forest, mostly in the Sura Basin, but natural vegetation has been widely plowed up, resulting in severe soil erosion. Agriculture, the major economic activity, is dominated by grain, especially winter rye and spring wheat. Hemp, sugar beets, and sunflowers are also grown. Engineering, the main industry, is concentrated in Penza city, the oblast headquarters, and Kuznetsk; the other cities are small and are mainly concerned with processing food and agricultural products. Timber working is important in the surviving forest areas, and paper is made. Area 16,680 square miles (43,200 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 1,407,971.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Penza — Пенза …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Penza — ( ru. Пенза) is a city in Russia, the administrative center of Penza Oblast in the Volga Federal District. It stands on the Sura River, 625 km south east of Moscow. The city is served by Penza Airport. Population: 518,025 (2002… …   Wikipedia

  • Penza — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Пенза Penza Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Penza — [pen′zä] city in central European Russia: pop. 551,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Penza — Stadt Pensa Пенза Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Penza — Original name in latin Penza Name in other language Gorad Penza, PEZ, Pensa, Penz, Penza, Penza osh, Penzae, ben sa, bynza, penja, penza, pnza, pnzh, pynza, Горад Пенза, Пенз Пенза, Пенза ош State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 53 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • penza — ˈpenzə adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Penza, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Penza, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of the kind or style prevalent in Penza …   Useful english dictionary

  • Penza — Sp Penzà Ap Пенза/Penza L RF sr. centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Penza — noun A city in Russia, administrative centre of Penza oblast …   Wiktionary

  • Penza — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Penza Country and Admin Code RU.57 RU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

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