Patmos

Patmian, adj.
/pat"mos, -mohs, -meuhs/; Gk. /paht"maws/, n.
one of the Dodecanese Islands, off the SW coast of Asia Minor: St. John is supposed to have been exiled here (Rev. 1:9). 2432; 13 sq. mi. (34 sq. km). Italian, Patmo /paht"maw/.

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      island, the smallest and most northerly of the original 12, or Dodecanese, Greek islands. It is only 11 square miles (28 square km) in area. The barren, arc-shaped island consists of three deeply indented headlands joined by two narrow isthmuses; its maximum elevation is near the centre in Mount Áyios Ilías (883 feet [269 m]). Several islets belonging to Pátmos form a semicircle on the east, strongly suggesting that in prehistoric times Pátmos was shattered by the explosion of a giant volcano and is now partially submerged. An ancient acropolis lies on the northern isthmus. Most of the island's inhabitants live in the elevated town of Khóra (Pátmos) in the south and in the harbour village of Skála on the east coast at the island's centre.

      Successively settled by Dorians and Ionians, Pátmos received scant mention by ancient writers. Under the Romans it was a place for exiles, the most noted of whom was Saint John the Apostle, author of the Fourth Gospel, who according to tradition was sent there about AD 95.

      During the Middle Ages, Pátmos appears to have been deserted, probably because of Saracen raids. In 1088 the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus granted the island to an abbot, who founded the massive monastery dedicated to St. John at Khóra. Its library contains a celebrated collection of manuscripts and printed books begun by St. Christodoulos. The autonomy of the monastery was confirmed under Venetian rule (1207–1537); during the Turkish occupation (1537–1912) annual tribute was required from the monks. The island yields grapes, cereals, and vegetables, though not enough for domestic needs. Tourism is the main economic activity. Midway between Skála and Khóra is a theological college, near which is a cave wherein St. John is said to have written or dictated the Book of Revelation. Pátmos' bare, rocky setting frequently appears in paintings of the saint. Pop. (1981) 2,534.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patmos — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Vista del puerto de Skala en Patmos Patmos (del griego, Πάτμος) es una pequeña isla griega del archipiélago del Dodecaneso, en el Mar Egeo. Tiene una población de aproximadamente 2.500 personas y una superficie de 34 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Patmos — Πάτμος (el) Le port de Skala Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patmos — • A small volcanic island in the Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Patmos     Patmos     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Patmos — Patmos, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 61 Housing Units (2000): 26 Land area (2000): 0.120557 sq. miles (0.312242 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.120557 sq. miles (0.312242 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Patmos, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 61 Housing Units (2000): 26 Land area (2000): 0.120557 sq. miles (0.312242 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.120557 sq. miles (0.312242 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Patmos — Patmos, 1) (Patmo, Patino, Palmosa, von den Italienern San Giovanni di Patimo genannt), kleine griechische, zu den Sporaden u. zum türkischen Ejalet Dschesairi Bahri Sefid gehörige Insel im Ägäischen Meere, südwestlich von Samos, felsig u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Patmos — (Patmo, ital. San Giovanni di Patino), türk. Insel in der Gruppe der Sporaden, südwestlich von Samos, 40 qkm groß, ist größtenteils felsig (im Hagios Ilias 293 m hoch) und baumlos, zählt aber an 300 Kapellen. Guter Hafen bei der Stadt P. Die… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Patmos — Patmos, jetzt Patmo, eine der Sporaden südwestl. von Samos, türk. Wilajet Dschesairi Bahri Sefid, 60 km Umfang; angeblicher Verbannungsort des Evangelisten Johannes, berühmtes Johanneskloster (1088 gegründet) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Patmos — Patmos, siehe Archipelagus …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Patmos — (Pátmos) ► Isla griega del Dodecaneso, en el archipiélago de las Espóradas Meridionales; 28 km2 y 2 432 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pátmos — île grecque (Dodécanèse), au S. de Samos; 2 500 hab. Saint Jean y aurait écrit l Apocalypse …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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