Patanjali


Patanjali
/peuh tun"jeuh lee/, n.
fl. late 2nd century B.C., Indian scholar and philosopher: sometimes regarded as the founder of yoga.

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▪ Hindu author, mystic, and philosopher
also called  Gonardīya , or  Gonikāputra 
flourished 2nd century BC or 5th century AD

      author or one of the authors of two great Hindu classics: the first, Yoga-sūtras, a categorization of Yogic thought arranged in four volumes with the titles “Psychic Power,” “Practice of Yoga,” “Samādhi” (transcendental state induced by trance), and “Kaivalya” (liberation); and the second, the Mahābhāṣya (“Great Commentary”), which is both a defense of the grammarian Pāṇini against his chief critic and detractor Kātyāyana and a refutation of some of Pāṇini's aphorisms.

      The Yoga-sūtras seems to span several centuries, the first three volumes apparently written in the 2nd century BC and the last book in the 5th century AD. Authorities therefore tend to credit more than one author writing under this name, although there is wide variance in opinion. There is a possibility that many men used this name, as it was used by the authors of a number of other works on such diverse subjects as medicine, metrics, music, and alchemy. The name itself is obviously a pseudonym, since it denotes no caste and implies divine descent from the Great Serpent, Śeṣa.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Patañjali — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Patañjali retratado como encarnación de la serpiente divina Ādi Śesha (expansión de Sankarshan) Patañjali (en devanagari पतञ्जलि, pronunciado /patanshali/) fue un pensador hindú cachemiro, autor del Yoga sūtra,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Patañjali — Patanjali Patañjali est l auteur réel ou mythique de la codification du yoga sous une forme écrite concise, les Yoga Sûtra. Son existence est située entre 250 av. J. C. et 400 après J. C. ; les historiens retiennent souvent le IIe s. av. J.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patañjali — wird häufig als Mischwesen aus Schlange und Mensch dargestellt Patanjali (Sanskrit, पतञ्जलि, Patañjali, [pʌtʌɲʤʌlɪ]) war ein indischer Gelehrter, der die heute noch vollständig erhaltenen Yoga Sutras verfasst haben soll. In der indischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Patanjali — (c. second century B.C.E.)    author of Yoga Sutra    In Indian tradition two books are ascribed to Patanjali: the Mahabhashya (the primary com mentary to the grammar of Panini) and the com mentary on the YOGA SUTRA. Western scholarship, however …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Patanjali — Patạnjali   [ dʒali], altindischer Grammatiker, wahrscheinlich aus dem 2. Jahrhundert v. Chr.; verfasste das »Mahabhashya« (Großer Kommentar), das die Anmerkungen des Katyayana (3. Jahrhundert v. Chr.?) zur Grammatik des Panini, das »Varttikam« …   Universal-Lexikon

  • PATANJALI —    is the name of two ancient Indian authors, of whom one is the author of the Yoga, a theistic system of philosophy, and the other of a criticism on the Sanskrit grammarian Pánini …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • PATAÑJALI — (2nd century B.C.)    Indian philosopher and author of the first Three Books of the Yoga Stra …   Concise dictionary of Religion


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