pastry

/pay"stree/, n., pl. pastries.
1. a sweet baked food made of dough, esp. the shortened paste used for pie crust and the like.
2. any item of food of which such dough forms an essential part, as a pie, tart, or napoleon.
[1530-40; PASTE + -RY]

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food
      stiff dough made from flour, salt, a relatively high proportion of fat, and a small proportion of liquid. It may also contain sugar or flavourings. Most pastry is leavened only by the action of steam, but Danish pastry is raised with yeast. Pastry is rolled or patted out into thin sheets to line pie or tart pans and to enclose fillings. Poultry, tenderloin of beef and other cuts of meat, and pâtés are sometimes prepared en croûte, wrapped in a pastry crust. Thicker sheets may be formed into cases, pinwheels, crescents, or braids, with or without fillings and glazes or icings.

      Variations in technique and ingredients yield pastries of varying texture. For a flaky pastry, low-gluten flour is quickly blended with butter, lard, or vegetable shortening so that the fat is broken into bits. A minimum of liquid is used, and the pastry is handled as little as possible. The extreme of flaky pastry is pâte feuilletée, which is formed by folding and refolding a butter-filled pastry to form hundreds of layers of flour and butter that rise in the oven to 12 times the height of the uncooked pastry. A yeast dough is layered with butter in a similar manner to produce wienbrod, or Danish pastry. A short pastry is one in which the ingredients are well amalgamated so that the baked pastry is tender and fine-textured, tending to crumble rather than flake. In pastries requiring tensile strength, high-gluten flour is preferred, with eggs and a higher proportion of liquid adding to the malleability of the dough. Phyllo and strudel pastries are of this type, rolled or stretched out to paper thinness.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pastry — Pas try, n.; pl. {Pastries}. 1. The place where pastry is made. [Obs.] Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Articles of food made of paste, or having a crust made of paste, as pies, tarts, etc. [1913 Webster] {Pastry cook}, one whose occupation is to make… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pastry — (n.) mid 15c., food made with paste, not originally limited to sweets, from M.E. paste (see PASTE (Cf. paste) (n.)), probably influenced by O.Fr. pastaierie pastry, from pastoier pastry cook, from paste (see PASTE (Cf. paste) (n.)); also borrowed …   Etymology dictionary

  • pastry — ► NOUN (pl. pastries) 1) a dough of flour, fat, and water, used as a base and covering in baked dishes such as pies. 2) a cake consisting of sweet pastry with a cream, jam, or fruit filling. ORIGIN from PASTE(Cf. ↑paste) …   English terms dictionary

  • Pastry — est un protocole P2P utilisant une table de hachage distribuée. Liens externes Site officiel Portail de l’Internet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pastry — [n] baked product made with flour bread, cake, croissant, dainty, Danish, delicacy, doughnut, éclair, panettone, patisserie, phyllo, pie, strudel, sweet roll, tart, turnover; concepts 457,461 …   New thesaurus

  • pastry — [pās′trē] n. pl. pastries [see PASTE & ERY] 1. flour dough or paste made with shortening and used for the crust of pies, tarts, etc. 2. foods made with this, as pies, tarts, etc. 3. broadly, all fancy baked goods, including cakes, sweet rolls,… …   English World dictionary

  • Pastry — This article describes Pastry in food. For the Distributed Hash Table system, see Pastry (DHT). Pastry is the name given to various kinds of baked goods made from ingredients such as flour, butter, shortening, baking powder or eggs. It may also… …   Wikipedia

  • pastry — noun 1 (esp. BrE) mixture of flour and water ADJECTIVE ▪ crisp, light ▪ Bake until the pastry is crisp and golden. ▪ soggy (BrE) ▪ golden, golden brown …   Collocations dictionary

  • pastry — [16] The original word in English for ‘pastry’ in English was paste. This is still in use as a technical term, but in everyday usage it has gradually been replaced by pastry. This was derived from paste, modelled apparently on Old French… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • pastry — [16] The original word in English for ‘pastry’ in English was paste. This is still in use as a technical term, but in everyday usage it has gradually been replaced by pastry. This was derived from paste, modelled apparently on Old French… …   Word origins

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