pastoral

pastorally, adv.
/pas"teuhr euhl, pah"steuhr-/, adj.
1. having the simplicity, charm, serenity, or other characteristics generally attributed to rural areas: pastoral scenery; the pastoral life.
2. pertaining to the country or to life in the country; rural; rustic.
3. portraying or suggesting idyllically the life of shepherds or of the country, as a work of literature, art, or music: pastoral poetry; a pastoral symphony.
4. of, pertaining to, or consisting of shepherds.
5. of or pertaining to a pastor or the duties of a pastor: pastoral visits to a hospital.
6. used for pasture, as land.
n.
7. a poem, play, or the like, dealing with the life of shepherds, commonly in a conventional or artificial manner, or with simple rural life generally; a bucolic.
8. a picture or work of art representing the shepherds' life.
9. Music. pastorale.
10. a treatise on the duties of a pastor.
11. a letter to the people from their spiritual pastor.
12. a letter to the clergy or people of an ecclesiastical district from its bishop.
13. Also called pastoral staff. crosier (def. 1).
[1350-1400; ME < L pastoralis, equiv. to pastor-, s. of pastor (see PASTOR) + -alis -AL1]
Syn. 1. rustic, rural, simple. 3. bucolic, idyllic. 7. eclogue, idyll; georgic.

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Literary work dealing in a usually artificial manner with shepherds or rural life, typically contrasting the innocence and serenity of the simple life with the misery and corruption of city or court life.

The characters are often the vehicles for the author's moral, social, or literary views. The poet and his friends are often presented as shepherds and shepherdesses; two or more shepherds sometimes contend in "singing matches." The conventions of pastoral poetry were largely established by Theocritus, whose bucolics are its earliest examples. Virgil's Eclogues were influential as well, as was Edmund Spenser's Shepheardes Calender in the Renaissance. The idea of pastoral as meaning a simpler world that somehow mirrors a more complex one also appears in novelists as different as Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Lewis Carroll, and William Faulkner. See also eclogue.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pastoral — Pastoral, as an adjective, refers to the lifestyle of shepherds and pastoralists, moving livestock around larger areas of land according to seasons and availability of water and feed. Pastoral also describes literature, art and music which… …   Wikipedia

  • pastoral — pastoral, ale, aux [ pastɔral, o ] adj. et n. f. • v. 1200, rare av. XVIe; lat. pastoralis, de pastor; cf. pâtre, pasteur 1 ♦ Didact. ou littér. Relatif aux pasteurs, aux bergers. La vie, les mœurs pastorales. Chant pastoral. ♢ Vieilli Qui a un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • pastoral — PASTORÁL, Ă, pastorali, e, adj., s.f. 1. adj. De păstor, păstoresc; p. ext. de la ţară. câmpenesc, rustic. 2. adj. (Despre creaţii literare) Care zugrăveşte în mod idilic viaţa păstorilor, viaţa de la ţară; bucolic. 3. s.f. Operă literară cu… …   Dicționar Român

  • pastoral — pastoral, ale (pa sto ral, ra l ) adj. 1°   Qui appartient aux pasteurs ou bergers. Habit pastoral. Des chants pastoraux. •   Après Abraham on trouve Isaac son fils, et Jacob son petit fils, imitateurs de sa foi et de sa simplicité dans la même… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Pastoral — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Según el contexto, Pastoral puede referirse a: Pastoral, la Sexta sinfonía de Ludwig van Beethoven Pastoral un dúo de rock argentino Pastoral, una obra de teatro típica de Sola en el País vasco francés Pastoral, una… …   Wikipedia Español

  • pastoral — 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo al pastor (ǁ de ganado). Literatura, música pastoral. 2. Perteneciente o relativo al pastor (ǁ prelado). 3. Perteneciente o relativo a la poesía en que se pinta la vida de los pastores. 4. f. Especie de drama… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Pastoral — Pas tor*al, a. [L. pastoralis: cf. F. pastoral. See {Pastor}.] 1. Of or pertaining to shepherds; hence, relating to rural life and scenes; as, a pastoral life. [1913 Webster] 2. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pastoral — adjetivo 1. Que refleja la vida de los pastores: poesía pastoral. 2. De los pastores de una iglesia: la vida pastoral. báculo* pastoral. carta* pastoral. visita* pastoral. sustantivo femenino 1 …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • pastoral — [pas′tərəl, päs′tərəl] adj. [ME pastoralle < L pastoralis < pastor, a shepherd: see PASTOR] 1. of shepherds or their work, way of life, etc. 2. of or portraying rural life or, formerly, a highly conventionalized form of rustic life among… …   English World dictionary

  • Pastoral — (Ницца,Франция) Категория отеля: Адрес: 27 Rue Assalit, 06000 Ницца, Франция Описа …   Каталог отелей

  • pastoral — (adj.) of or pertaining to shepherds, early 15c., from O.Fr. pastoral, from L. pastoralis, from pastor (see PASTOR (Cf. pastor) (n.)). The noun sense of poem dealing with country life generally is from 1580s. Pastorale (in the Italian form)… …   Etymology dictionary

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