parthenocarpy

/pahr"theuh noh kahr'pee/, n. Bot.
the production of fruit without fertilization of an egg in the ovary.
[1910-15; PARTHENO- + -carpy; see -CARP, -Y3]

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botany
      development of fruit without fertilization. The fruit resembles a normally produced fruit but is seedless. Varieties of the pineapple, banana, cucumber, grape, orange, grapefruit, persimmon, and breadfruit exemplify naturally occurring parthenocarpy. Seedless parthenocarpic fruit can be induced in nonparthenocarpic varieties and in naturally parthenocarpic varieties out of season by a type of artificial pollination with dead or altered pollen or by pollen from a different type of plant. The application of synthetic growth substances in paste form, by injection, or by spraying, also causes parthenocarpic development.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • parthenocarpy — parthenocarpy. См. партенокарпия. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • parthenocarpy — [pär′thə nō kär΄pē] n. [Ger parthenokarpie < Gr parthenos, a virgin + karpos, fruit: see HARVEST] the development of a ripe fruit without fertilization of the ovules, as in the banana and pineapple parthenocarpic adj. parthenocarpically adv …   English World dictionary

  • Parthenocarpy — In botany and horticulture, parthenocarpy (literally meaning virgin fruit) is the natural or artificially induced production of fruit without fertilization of ovules. The fruit is therefore seedless. Parthenocarpy occasionally occurs as a… …   Wikipedia

  • parthenocarpy — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Greek parthenos virgin + karpos fruit more at harvest Date: 1911 the production of fruits without fertilization < bananas set fruit by parthenocarpy and without pollination > •… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • parthenocarpy — partenokarpija statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Augalų besėklių vaisių susidarymas be apvaisinimo. Būdinga daugeliui kultūrinių augalų (pvz., kai kuriems vynmedžiams, juodmedžiams, kriaušėms, pomidorams). atitikmenys: angl.… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • parthenocarpy — partenokarpija statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Augalų vaisių formavimasis be apvaisinimo.Tokie vaisiai neturi sėklų arba sėklose nebūna gemalų. atitikmenys: angl. parthenocarpy rus. партенокарпия …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • parthenocarpy — Fruit formation without fertilization. Occurs spontaneously in some plants, eg. banana, and in other plants can be induced by application of auxin. Results in seedless fruits …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • parthenocarpy — noun production of (seedless) fruit without fertilization of ovules. See Also: parthenocarpic …   Wiktionary

  • parthenocarpy — par·the·no·car·py …   English syllables

  • parthenocarpy — /ˈpaθənoʊkapi/ (say pahthuhnohkahpee) noun Botany the production of fruits without fertilisation, either naturally, as is often the case with wild parsnips, or with human intervention, as in the breeding of seedless grapes. {partheno + carp + y1} …   Australian English dictionary

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