Paphlagonia

/paf'leuh goh"nee euh, -gohn"yeuh/, n.
an ancient country and Roman province in N Asia Minor, on the S coast of the Black Sea.

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Ancient district, northern Anatolia, on the Black Sea.

A mountainous country, one of the oldest in Anatolia, it submitted to Alexander the Great in 333 BC. In the 3rd–2nd century BC it was gradually absorbed by the Pontic kingdom on its eastern border. In 65 BC the coastal districts, including the capital, Sinope, were attached to Roman Bithynia. The area was incorporated into the Roman province of Galatia in с 6 BC; the interior regions were left under native rulers. It was part of the Byzantine Empire, and all but its coastal regions were lost to invading Turkish peoples after the Battle of Manzikert (1071).

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▪ ancient district, Anatolia
      ancient district of Anatolia adjoining the Black Sea, bounded by Bithynia in the west, Pontus in the east, and Galatia in the south. The Paphlagonians were one of the most ancient peoples of Anatolia. Passing under the rule of Lydia and Persia, they submitted to Alexander the Great (333 BC), after which they enjoyed a measure of independence. In the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC Paphlagonia was gradually absorbed by the expanding Pontic (Pontus) kingdom on its eastern border. When the Pontic kingdom under Mithradates VI was destroyed by Pompey in 65 BC, the coastal districts of Paphlagonia (including its capital at Sinope) were attached to Roman Bithynia while the interior regions were left under native rulers. Upon the extinction of the native dynasty (c. 6 BC), the remainder of the territory was incorporated into the Roman province of Galatia. Upon the division of the empire in the 4th century AD, Paphlagonia became a separate Roman province.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Paphlagonĭa — Paphlagonĭa, Landschaft Kleinasiens, grenzte in Norden an das Schwarze Meer, in Westen an Bithynien, durch den Parthenios getrennt, in Süden an Galatien, durch das Gebirg Orminion geschieden, in Osten an Pontos, von welchem es der Halys trennte;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Paphlagonia — [paf΄lə gō′nē ə] ancient region of N Asia Minor, on the Black Sea …   English World dictionary

  • Paphlagonia —    Region of north Asia Minor (q.v.) situated between Bithynia and Pontos (qq.v.), consisting of the south shore of the Black Sea (q.v.) and inland territory. The chief cities included Amastris and its metropolis Gangra (qq.v.). It belonged to… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Paphlagonia — geographical name ancient country & Roman province N Asia Minor bordering on Black Sea • Paphlagonian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Paphlagonia — noun A historical region in the north of Asia Minor, on the shore of the Black Sea, between Bithynia and Pontus …   Wiktionary

  • Paphlagonia — Paph•la•go•ni•a [[t]ˌpæf ləˈgoʊ ni ə, ˈgoʊn yə[/t]] n. geg an ancient country and Roman province in N Asia Minor, on the S coast of the Black Sea …   From formal English to slang

  • Paphlagonia — /pæfləˈgoʊniə/ (say pafluh gohneeuh) noun the historical name of a region in northern Turkey, on the southern coast of the Black Sea; an ancient country and Roman province in Asia Minor …   Australian English dictionary

  • Paphlagonia — /paf leuh goh nee euh, gohn yeuh/, n. an ancient country and Roman province in N Asia Minor, on the S coast of the Black Sea …   Useful english dictionary

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