Pan-Slavism

Pan-Slav, Pan-Slavic, adj.
/pan'slah"viz euhm, -slav"iz-/, n.
the idea or advocacy of a political union of all the Slavic peoples.
[1840-50; PAN- + SLAVISM]

* * *

Movement to unite Slav peoples of eastern and central Europe.

It began in the early 19th century when Slav intellectuals studied their common cultures. Political goals for Slavic unity increased in 1848, when a Slav congress organized by František Palacký met in Prague to press for equal rights under Austrian rule. In the 1860s the movement became popular in Russia, to which Pan-Slavs looked for protection from Turkish and Austro-Hungarian rule; this led Russia and Serbia into wars against the Ottoman Empire in 1876–77. In the 20th century, nationalist rivalries among the Slav peoples prevented their effective collaboration.

* * *

      19th-century movement that recognized a common ethnic background among the various Slav peoples of eastern and east central Europe and sought to unite those peoples for the achievement of common cultural and political goals. The Pan-Slav movement originally was formed in the first half of the 19th century by West and South Slav intellectuals, scholars, and poets, whose peoples were at that time also developing their sense of national identity. The Pan-Slavists engaged in studying folk songs, folklore, and peasant vernaculars of the Slav peoples, in demonstrating the similarities among them, and in trying to stimulate a sense of Slav unity. As such activities were conducted mainly in Prague, that city became the first Pan-Slav centre for studying Slav antiquities and philology.

      The Pan-Slavism movement soon took on political overtones, and in June 1848, while the Austrian Empire was weakened by revolution, the Czech historian František Palacký (Palacký, František) convened a Slav congress in Prague. Consisting of representatives of all Slav nationalities ruled by the Austrians, the congress was intended to organize cooperative efforts among them for the purpose of compelling the Emperor to transform his monarchy into a federation of equal peoples under a democratic Habsburg rule.

      Although the congress had little practical effect, the movement remained active, and by the 1860s it became particularly popular in Russia, to which many Pan-Slavs looked for leadership as well as for protection from Austro-Hungarian and Turkish rule. Russian Pan-Slavists, however, altered the theoretical bases of the movement. Adopting the Slavophile notion that western Europe was spiritually and culturally bankrupt and that it was Russia's historic mission to rejuvenate Europe by gaining political dominance over it, the Pan-Slavists added the concept that Russia's mission could not be fulfilled without the support of other Slav peoples, who must be liberated from their Austrian and Turkish masters and united into a Russian-dominated Slav confederation.

      Although the Russian government did not officially support this view, some important members of its foreign department, including its representatives at Constantinople and Belgrade, were ardent Pan-Slavists and succeeded in drawing both Serbia and Russia into wars against the Ottoman Empire in 1876–77.

      When efforts were made in the early 20th century to call new Pan-Slav congresses and revive the movement, the nationalistic rivalries among the various Slav peoples prevented their effective collaboration.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pan-Slavism — was a movement in the mid 19th century aimed at unity of all the Slavic peoples. The main focus was in the Balkans where the South Slavs had been ruled and oppressed for centuries by the three great empires, Austria Hungary, the Ottoman Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Pan-slavism —    A 19th century politico cultural ideology that advocated the unity of all Slavic speaking peoples, pan Slavism functioned as a tool of Russian influence across Central Europe and the Balkans under both the tsars and the Soviets. Since the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Pan-Slavism —    A nineteenth century cultural and intellectual movement that postulated that the cultural and linguistic affinities of the Slavic peoples could serve as the basis for a political association of all Slavs. Pan Slavism began among Slavic… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • pan-Slavism — /pæn ˈslævɪzəm/ (say pan slavizuhm) noun the idea or advocacy of a union of all the Slavic peoples in one political body. –pan Slav, pan Slavic /pæn ˈslævɪk/ (say pan slavik), adjective …   Australian English dictionary

  • Pan-Slavism — noun Date: 1850 a political and cultural movement originally emphasizing the cultural ties between the Slavic peoples but later associated with Russian expansionism • Pan Slavic adjective • Pan Slavist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pan-slavism — “+ noun Usage: usually capitalized P&S Etymology: German panslavismus, from pan + Slavic + ismus ism : a political and cultural movement originally emphasizing the cultural ties between the Slavic peoples but later associated chiefly with Russian …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pan-Slavism — noun A movement aimed at uniting all the Slavic peoples …   Wiktionary

  • Pan-nationalism — is a form of nationalism distinguished by the large scale of the claimed national territory, and because it often defines the nation on the basis of a ‘’cluster’’ of cultures and ethnic groups. It shares the general nationalist ideology, that the …   Wikipedia

  • pan-slav — ˈpan+ adjective Usage: usually capitalized P&S Etymology: back formation from pan slavism : of, relating to, or favoring Pan Slavism the history of Russian Pan Slav imperialism Kurt Glaser …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pan-Turkism — is a political movement aiming to unite the various Turkic peoples into a modern political state, a confederation, or an economic union closely resembling that of the European Union.NameIn the research literature, the term Pan Turkism is used to… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.