- —Pannonian, adj., n. —Pannonic /peuh non"ik/, adj./peuh noh"nee euh/, n.an ancient country and Roman province in central Europe, S and W of the Danube, the territory of which is now mostly occupied by Hungary and Yugoslavia.
* * *Province, Roman Empire, corresponding to modern western Hungary and parts of eastern Austria, Slovenia, and northern Serbia and Montenegro.The original inhabitants were mainly Illyrians, with some Celts in the western part. Conquered by Rome beginning in 35 BC, the people of Pannonia revolted in AD 6, posing the greatest threat to the empire since Hannibal's invasion. Pannonia was split in AD 106, and Pannonia Superior became a centre of the Roman wars under Marcus Aurelius. The Romans withdrew from the area after 395.
* * *▪ historical region, Europeprovince of the Roman Empire, corresponding to present-day western Hungary and parts of eastern Austria, as well as portions of several Baltic states, primarily Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia (Vojvodina). The Pannonians were mainly Illyrians, but there were some Celts in the western part of the province. The Roman conquest of the area began in 35 BC under Octavian (who later became the emperor Augustus) and was completed in 14 BC with the capture of Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Vojvodina), the key town of the Sava River valley. The Pannonian tribes, joined by the Dalmatians, revolted in AD 6, posing the gravest threat to Italy since Hannibal's invasion. After the revolt was put down, Pannonia was organized as a separate province in AD 9 and garrisoned with three legions. The emperor Trajan divided the province about AD 106. The western and northern districts constituted Pannonia Superior, which was the focal point of the Roman wars with the Marcomanni in the reign of Marcus Aurelius (reigned 161–180), who died at Vindobona (Vienna). The southern and eastern districts were organized as Pannonia Inferior under Diocletian (284–305). Pannonia Superior was divided into Pannonia Prima and Pannonia Ripariensis (or Savia), and Pannonia Inferior was divided into Valeria and Pannonia Secunda.The inhabitants of Pannonia retained their own culture into the 2nd century AD, but Romanization did proceed rapidly, especially in the west. In the 1st century AD Emona (Ljubljana, Slovenia) and Savaria (Szombathely, Hungary) were made Roman colonies; and Scarbantia (Sopron, Hungary) and other cities were made municipia (self-governing communities). Pannonia was the birthplace of several Roman emperors of the 3rd century, and the province provided large numbers of troops for the Roman army. The grave barbarian threat in the 4th century AD forced the Romans to withdraw after 395. From that time, Pannonia ceased to exist as a separate unit.
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Pannonia — is an ancient province of the Roman Empire bounded north and east by the Danube, coterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia.Pannonia was located mostly over the territory of the present day… … Wikipedia
PANNONIA — regio Europae maxima, inter Danubium ad Boream a Metanastis Iazygibus separantem, et Saum fluv. ad meridiem dividentem; ac inter Noricum ad occidentem et Mysiam ad ortum contenta; In superiorem (quae Prima Rufo, Marcellino, et Lib. Notit.… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Pannonia — steht für: eine römische Provinz, siehe Pannonien die Landschaft Pannonische Tiefebene die Euroregion West Pannonia, siehe Euregio West einen Asteroid des Hauptgürtels, siehe (1444) Pannonia eine ungarische Motorradmarke (1954–1975), siehe… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pannonia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Pannonia puede referirse a: Panonia, la antigua provincia romana de Hungría; Pannonie, la granja cisterciense cerca de Rocamadour (Francia), que fue transformada en un gran castillo clásico en el siglo… … Wikipedia Español
Pannonĭa — Pannonĭa, das südöstlichste der Süddonauländer; wurde begrenzt in Westen durch den Berg Cetius, welcher es von Noricum, u. die Julischen Alpen, welche es von Oberitalien schieden, in Norden u. Osten vom Danubius, welcher die Grenze gegen Dacien u … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Pannonia — Pannonia, seit Augustus röm. Provinz, begriff Ungarn jenseits der Donau, Slavonien, einen Theil Bosniens, das nordöstliche Kroatien, den östlichen Theil von Krain, Steyermark und Niederösterreich … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Pannonia — [pə nō′nē ə] ancient Roman province in central Europe, between the Danube & Sava rivers … English World dictionary
Pannonia — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Du hongrois le pays du blé La Pannónia est une moto d origine hongroise Pannonia est le nom latin de la province de Pannonie, représentant grossièrement… … Wikipédia en Français
Pannonia — Roman province in central Europe that bordered the Danube (q.v.) to the north and east, and the province of Noricum (q.v.) to the west. Diocletian (q.v.) divided it into four provinces (Pannonia I, Pannonia II, Savia, and Valeria) ca. 295. It… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Pannonia — geographical name Roman province SE Europe including territory W of the Danube now in Hungary & adjacent parts of Croatia & Vojvodina … New Collegiate Dictionary