- /pan'ath euh nee"euh/, n.a festival in honor of the goddess Athena, celebrated yearly in ancient Athens, with each fourth year reserved for greater pomp, marked by contests, as in athletics and music, and highlighted by a solemn procession to the Acropolis bearing a peplos embroidered for the goddess.Also, Panathenaia /pan'ath euh nay"euh/.
* * *In Greek religion, an Athenian festival of great antiquity.Originally an annual event, it was eventually celebrated every fourth year, probably in deliberate rivalry to the Olympic Games. It consisted of the sacrifices and rites proper to the season (mid-August) in the cult of Athena, the city's protectress. Representatives of all the dependencies of Athens came to the Panathenaea. The great procession, made up of the heroes of the Battle of Marathon, is the subject of the frieze of the Parthenon. The participants offered Athena an embroidered robe and sacrificed animals; there were also poetry recitations (later replaced by a musical contest) and athletic competitions.
* * *▪ Greek festivalin Greek religion, an annual Athenian festival of great antiquity and importance. It was eventually celebrated every fourth year with great splendour, probably in deliberate rivalry to the Olympic Games. The festival consisted solely of the sacrifices and rites proper to the season (mid-August) in the cult of Athena, the city protectress. At the Great Panathenaea, representatives of all the dependencies of Athens were present, bringing sacrificial animals. After the presentation of a new embroidered robe to Athena, the sacrifice of several animals was offered. The great procession, which included the heroes of Marathon, is the subject of the frieze of the Parthenon. Musical contests were held, and portions of epic poems were recited, a long-standing accompaniment of the festival. The contests took place in the odeum, originally built for the purpose by Pericles himself.In addition to major athletic contests, many of which were not included at Olympia, several minor contests also were held between the Athenian tribes.
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PANATHENAEA — Erichthonius Vulcani filius Minervae festum instituit, et Α᾿θήναια vasi dicas Minervalia, vocavit. Harpocration, Η῎γαγε δὲ τὴν ἑορτὴν ὁ Ε᾿ριχθόνιος ὁ Η῾φαίςτου, καθά φασιν Ε῾λλάνικός τε καὶ Α᾿νδροτιὼν, ἑκάτερος εν πρώτῃ Α᾿τθίδος πρὸ τούτου δὲ… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Panathenaea — Pan*ath e*n[ae] a, n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?; pa^s pa^n, all + ? Athena.] The most ancient and important festival of Athens, celebrated in honor of Athena, the tutelary goddess of the city. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
panathenaea — pan·ath·e·naea … English syllables
Panathenaea — /pænæθəˈniə/ (say panathuh neeuh) noun a festival held in ancient Athens to celebrate the birthday of Athena … Australian English dictionary
panathenaea — … Useful english dictionary
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Greek religion — Beliefs, rituals, and mythology of the ancient Greeks. Though the worship of the sky god Zeus began as early as the 2nd millennium BC, Greek religion in the established sense began с 750 BC and lasted for over a thousand years, extending its… … Universalium
Panathenaic Festival — The Panathenaea (Παναθήναια all Athenian festival ) was the most important festival for Athens and one of the grandest in the entire ancient Greek world. Except for slaves, all inhabitants of the polis could take part in the festival. This… … Wikipedia
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