fibromyalgia

fibromyalgia [fī΄brō mī al′jə]
n.
a chronic condition characterized by pain, tenderness, and stiffness of the muscles and joints along with fatigue and anxiety

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fi·bro·my·al·gi·a (fī'brō-mī-ălʹjē-ə, -jə) n.
A syndrome characterized by chronic pain in the muscles and soft tissues surrounding joints, fatigue, and tenderness at specific sites in the body. Also called fibromyalgia syndrome, fibromyositis, fibrositis.

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Chronic syndrome that is characterized by musculoskeletal pain, often at multiple sites.

The cause is unknown. A significant number of persons with fibromyalgia also have mental disorders, especially depression. Many also have overlapping symptoms of other so-called functional somatic syndromes
especially chronic fatigue syndrome
such as fatigue, stiffness, irritable bowel syndrome, and sleep disturbances. It is common in young and middle-aged women. No treatment has been proved fully effective, although medications, physical therapy, or counseling may reduce disability and help the patient cope.

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▪ medical syndrome
      chronic syndrome that is characterized by musculoskeletal pain, often at multiple anatomical sites, that occurs in the absence of an identifiable physical or physiological cause. A significant number of persons with fibromyalgia also have mental disorders, especially depression. Fibromyalgia is most commonly diagnosed in young and middle-aged women.

      Many persons with fibromyalgia also have overlapping symptoms of other so-called functional somatic syndromes—especially chronic fatigue syndrome—such as fatigue, stiffness, irritable bowel syndrome, and disturbed or unrefreshing sleep. However, without a diagnostic test it is impossible to verify or disprove the similarity of fibromyalgia to the other functional somatic syndromes or, for that matter, to establish its existence as a distinct disorder. The problem is complicated further by the fact that virtually all of the symptoms experienced by persons with fibromyalgia are common, nonspecific, and variable.

      A hallmark of fibromyalgia (and the other functional somatic syndromes) is the tenacity with which sufferers insist their problems are of physical rather than psychogenic origin—even though many have been diagnosed with a mental disorder—and the belief that physicians do not take their complaints seriously. However, it seems clear that few, if any, fibromyalgia patients are malingering.

      The underlying cause of fibromyalgia is completely unknown, although most researchers view the disorder as an aberrant and nonspecific response to various stressors such as trauma or infection. It seems likely that fibromyalgia is of psychogenic origin.

      No treatment for fibromyalgia has been proved fully effective. Medications, physical therapy, or counseling may be employed to reduce disability and to help the patient cope with the chronic illness. Although symptoms sometimes improve, full recovery over a short time frame appears to be the exception.

David Morens
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fibromyalgia — Classification and external resources The location of the nine paired tender points that comprise the 1990 American College of Rheumatology criteria for fibromyalgia. ICD 10 M …   Wikipedia

  • fibromyalgia — 1981, said to have been coined by U.S. rheumatologist Mohammed Yunus, from L. fibra (see FIBER (Cf. fiber)) + Gk. mys (gen. myos) muscle (see MUSCLE (Cf. muscle)) + ALGIA (Cf. algia). The earlier name for the condition was fibrositis …   Etymology dictionary

  • fibromyalgia — [fī΄brō mī al′jə] n. a chronic condition characterized by pain, tenderness, and stiffness of the muscles and joints along with fatigue and anxiety …   English World dictionary

  • fibromyalgia — A syndrome of chronic pain of musculoskeletal origin but uncertain cause. The American College of Rheumatology has established diagnostic criteria that include pain on both sides of the body, both above and below the waist, as well as in an …   Medical dictionary

  • fibromyalgia — n. a disorder characterized by pain in the fibrous tissue components of muscles without any inflammation (compare fibromyositis). Widespread aching and stiffness are accompanied by extreme fatigue and often associated with headache, numbness and… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • fibromyalgia — /faɪbroʊmaɪˈældʒə/ (say fuybrohmuy aljuh) noun Medicine a musculoskeletal disorder, the cause of which is unknown, which has symptoms such as widespread pain and fatigue in the muscle ligaments and tendons. Also, fibromyalgia syndrome …   Australian English dictionary

  • fibromyalgia — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1983 any of a group of rheumatic disorders affecting soft tissues and characterized by pain, tenderness, and stiffness of muscles and associated connective tissue structures …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fibromyalgia — noun Chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness of the muscles, tendons, and joints …   Wiktionary

  • fibromyalgia — [ˌfʌɪbrəʊmʌɪ aldʒɪə] noun a rheumatic condition characterized by muscular or musculoskeletal pain with stiffness and tenderness at specific points on the body …   English new terms dictionary

  • fibromyalgia — fi·bro·my·al·gia …   English syllables

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