outlawry

/owt"law'ree/, n., pl. outlawries.
1. the act or process of outlawing.
2. the state of being outlawed.
3. disregard or defiance of the law: a man whose outlawry had made him a folk hero.
[1350-1400; ME outlauerie < AF utlagerie, ML utlagaria < ME outlage OUTLAW + AF -erie -RY, ML -aria -ARY]

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law
      act of putting a person beyond the protection of the law for his refusal to become amenable to the court having legal jurisdiction. In the past, this deprivation of legal benefits was invoked when a defendant or other person was in civil or criminal contempt of court; and, in cases of alleged treason or the commission of a felony (referred to as major outlawry), it amounted to a conviction as well as an extinction of civil rights. In England, on proof of the mere fact of major outlawry, the offender was sentenced to death and was often killed on sight or during the effort to arrest him. Conviction for major outlawry also effected the immediate forfeiture of all property and possessions to the crown and prevented the receipt of any property. In civil proceedings outlawry was formally abolished in England in 1879. Under English law outlawry can now be invoked only for one accused of criminal charges.

      In other countries outlawry in civil actions was virtually unknown, but manifestations of it, ranging from informal social ostracism to formal statutory proscription, were used as a criminal sanction. Conviction did not always result in sentence of death, but often the punishment involved transportation or exile for the offender, thereby completely stripping him of the benefits of his native land.

      Some societies practiced a social form of outlawry on people not even accused of an offense but characterized by some manner of physical or mental abnormality. In India, for example, persons affected with leprosy were placed under ban and disability and driven from their communities to live in leper colonies, without the ordinary benefits of society.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Outlawry — Out law ry, n.; pl. {Outlawries}. 1. The act of outlawing; the putting a man out of the protection of law, or the process by which a man (as an absconding criminal) is deprived of that protection. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being an outlaw.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • outlawry — [out′lô΄rē] n. pl. outlawries 1. an outlawing or being outlawed 2. the state or condition of being an outlaw 3. disregard or defiance of the law …   English World dictionary

  • outlawry — In old English law, a process by which a defendant or person in contempt on a civil or criminal process was declared an outlaw. If for treason or felony, it amounted to conviction and attainder. In the United States, the process of outlawry seems …   Black's law dictionary

  • outlawry — outlaw ► NOUN 1) a fugitive from the law. 2) historical a person deprived of the benefit and protection of the law. ► VERB 1) make illegal; ban. 2) historical deprive of the benefit and protection of the law. DERIVATIVES outlawry no …   English terms dictionary

  • outlawry — noun see outlaw II …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • outlawry — noun A declaration that an individual cannot benefit from the protection of law in a jurisdiction …   Wiktionary

  • outlawry — Synonyms and related words: anarchy, anomie, banishment, blackballing, clearance, criminalism, criminality, defrocking, degradation, demotion, depluming, deportation, deprivation, detachment, disbarment, discard, disfellowship, disjunction,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • outlawry — out·law·ry || aÊŠtlɔːrɪ n. state or position of being an outlaw; disregard or disobedience of the law …   English contemporary dictionary

  • outlawry — out·law·ry …   English syllables

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