- /os"tee euh/; It. /aw"styah/, n.a town in central Italy, SW of Rome: ruins from 4th century B.C.; site of ancient port of Rome.
* * *Ancient Roman town.Originally at the mouth of the Tiber River, it would now be about 4 mi (6 km) upstream. The modern seaside resort of Ostia, Italy, is near the ancient city. It was probably founded in the 4th century BC and developed as a naval station, major port, and centre of the grain trade. It reached the height of its prosperity in the 2nd century AD, when it had a population of about 50,000. It suffered from the decline of the Roman economy in the 3rd century and from barbarian raids in the 5th century. Its Roman ruins were quarried for building materials in the Middle Ages and for sculptors' marble during the Renaissance. Excavations began in the 19th century, and about two-thirds of the Roman town can now be seen.
* * *▪ Italyancient Roman town originally at the mouth of the Tiber River but now about 4 miles (6 km) upstream; the modern seaside resort is about 3 miles (5 km) southwest of the ancient city. Ostia was a port of republican Rome (ancient Rome) and a commercial centre under the empire (after 27 BC). The Romans considered Ostia their first colony and attributed its founding (for the purpose of salt production) to their fourth king, Ancus Marcius (7th century BC). Archaeologists have found on the site a fort of the mid 4th century BC, but nothing older. The purpose of the fort was to protect the coastline. It was the first of the long series of Rome's maritime colonies. When Rome developed a navy, Ostia became a naval station, and during the Punic Wars (264–201 BC) it served as the main fleet base on the west coast of Italy. It was the major port—especially significant in grain trade—for republican Rome until its harbour, partly obstructed by a sandbar, became inadequate for large vessels. During the empire Ostia was a commercial and storage centre for Rome's grain supplies and a service station for vessels going to Portus, the large artificial harbour built by Claudius. In AD 62 a violent storm swamped and sank some 200 ships in the harbour. Rome's problem with sea commerce was eventually solved when Trajan added a large hexagonal basin to the harbour.New baths, temples, and warehouses were built to support the thriving community. At the height of Ostia's prosperity in the early 2nd century AD, its population was approximately 50,000. The growing population was accommodated by means of tall brick apartment buildings of three, four, and five stories. The floors in these buildings were paved with mosaic, and the walls elaborately painted; the larger flats had up to 12 rooms.The growth in wealth raised the standard of public generosity of leading citizens. Public funds were restricted, but magistrates were expected to show their appreciation of honours in a practical way; it was they who provided most of the sculpture that adorned the public buildings and public places and who built most of the temples. Ostia also was sufficiently vital to Rome to receive the attention of emperors. Its three largest sets of public baths were the result of imperial generosity.Little new building occurred after the end of the 2nd century. Ostia suffered from the decline of the Roman economy beginning in the 3rd century. As trade decreased, the town became more popular as a residential area for the wealthy—Augustine, returning to Africa with his mother, Monica, stayed in Ostia, not Portus. Barbarian raids of the 5th and following centuries caused population loss and economic decline. Ostia was abandoned after the erection of Gregoriopolis, site of Ostia Antica, by Pope Gregory IV (827–844). The Roman ruins were quarried for building materials in the Middle Ages and for sculptors' marble in the Renaissance. Archaeological excavation was begun in the 19th century under papal authority and was sharply accelerated between 1939 and 1942, until about two-thirds of the Roman town was uncovered.
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Ostia — may refer to: Ostia (Rome), a municipio (also called Ostia Lido or Lido di Ostia) of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea coast Ostia Antica, a township and port of ancient Rome Ostia Antica (district), a district of the commune of Rome ostium, the… … Wikipedia
OSTIA — OSTIA, city in central Italy, near the mouth of the River Tiber; it was one of the harbors of Rome and became at the end of the Republic an important commercial center. However, Ostia flourished mainly under the Flavian and Antonine Dynasties.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ostia — bezeichnet Ostia (Rom), einen Stadtteil von Rom, das XIII Munizipium Ostia Antica, die antike Hafenstadt bei Rom Lido di Ostia, den Strand südlich der Tibermündung bei Rom Bistum Ostia, ein suburbikarisches Bistum den Plural von Ostium, der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ostia — Drame de Sergio Citti, avec Laurent Terzieff, Franco Citti, Anita Sanders, Ninetto Davoli. Pays: Italie Date de sortie: 1970 Technique: couleurs Durée: 1 h 45 Résumé De jeunes marginaux recueillent une inconnue, Ostia, à la vie… … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
Ostia — Ostia, Cardinal von O., s. Brogni … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Ostĭa — (O. Tiberīna), Stadt im Kirchenstaate, unweit Rom, als dessen Hafenstadt am Ausfluß des Tiber, war von Aucus Martius gegründet u. später colonisirt (Colonia Ostiensis) u. zählte bis auf 80,000 Ew.; Marius zerstörte die Stadt 87 v. Chr., sie wurde … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Ostĭa — Ostĭa, die Hafenstadt des alten Rom, am südlichen Ufer der Tibermündung, von Ancus Marcius gegründet, gelangte durch Schiffahrt und Handel bald zu großem Wohlstand, wurde zwar 87 v. Chr. von Marius verwüstet, hob sich jedoch wieder. Als sein… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ostia — Ostĭa, Stadt in Latium, älteste, angeblich von Ancus Marcius gegründete Kolonie Roms, l. an der Mündung der Tiber, für das 24 km entfernte Rom durch seine Salzwerke und als Hafen wichtig; jetzt verfallen … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Ostia — Ostia, altröm. Stadt an der Tibermündung, Roms Hafenstadt mit Salinen, jetzt Flecken in ungesunder Lage, Bischofssitz mit 1200 E., Salinen … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
ostia — / ɔstja/ s.f. [dal lat. hostia vittima ]. 1. (relig.) a. [animale sacrificato alla divinità presso i popoli antichi] ▶◀ olocausto, vittima (sacrificale). b. (estens., lett.) [il fatto stesso di sacrificare] ▶◀ olocausto, sacrificio. 2. (eccles.) … Enciclopedia Italiana
ostia — ⊕ ostia → hostia … Diccionario panhispánico de dudas