- /osh"euhn, os"ee euhn/, n. Gaelic Legend.a legendary hero and poet and son of Finn, who is supposed to have lived during the 3rd century A.D., represented in Gaelic poems and in imitations of them written by James Macpherson in the 18th century.Also, Oisin.
* * *Gaelic OisínIrish warrior-poet of the Fenian cycle of hero tales.The name Ossian became known throughout Europe in 1762–63 when the Scottish poet James Macpherson (1736–96) published the epics Fingal and Temora, which he represented as translations of works by the 3rd-century Gaelic poet Ossian. The poems were widely acclaimed and influential in the Romantic movement, but their authorship was later doubted, notably by Samuel Johnson (1775), and they were eventually determined to have been written largely by Macpherson.
* * *▪ legendary Gaelic poetGaelic Oisínthe Irish warrior-poet of the Fenian cycle of hero tales about Finn MacCumhaill (MacCool) and his war band, the Fianna Éireann. The name Ossian became known throughout Europe in 1762, when the Scottish poet James Macpherson (Macpherson, James) “discovered” and published the poems of Oisín, first with the epic Fingal and the following year with Temora; both of these works were supposedly translations from 3rd-century Gaelic originals. Actually, although based in part on genuine Gaelic ballads, the works were largely the invention of Macpherson and were full of similarities to Homer, John Milton, and the Bible. These so-called poems of Ossian won wide acclaim and were a central influence in the early Romantic movement. J.W. von Goethe (Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von) was one of their many admirers, but they aroused the suspicions of some critics, such as Samuel Johnson (Johnson, Samuel). They infuriated Irish scholars because they mixed Fenian and Ulster legends indiscriminately and because Macpherson claimed that the Irish heroes were Caledonians and therefore a glory to Scotland's past, rather than to Ireland's.The Ossianic controversy was finally settled in the late 19th century, when it was demonstrated that the only Gaelic originals that Macpherson had produced were translations in a barbarous Gaelic of his own English compositions. The name Ossian, popularized by Macpherson, superseded Oisín, though they are often used interchangeably. The term Ossianic ballads refers to genuine late Gaelic poems that form part of the common Scots-Irish tradition and should not be confused with the romanticized epics of “Ossian.”
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Ossian — Ossian, IN U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 2943 Housing Units (2000): 1168 Land area (2000): 1.492412 sq. miles (3.865330 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.492412 sq. miles (3.865330 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ossian — Ossian, der berühmteste Barde, ein Caledonier, Fingals, des Fürsten von Morven, Sohn, der in rührenden und mächtig erhebenden Klängen Klagen wie Schlachtlieder sang, Heldenthaten feierte, erhabene Naturscenen der hochschottischen und irischen… … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Ossian — (Oisin), nach der Tradition der schottischen Hochländer od. Gaëlen ein berühmter Barde des 3. Jahrh., der Sohn des Fingal, welcher, wie Homer, blind gewesen u. durch Gesang den Schmerz über den Verlust seines im Kampfe gefallenen Sohnes Oskar… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Ossian, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 853 Housing Units (2000): 350 Land area (2000): 1.095436 sq. miles (2.837166 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.095436 sq. miles (2.837166 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ossian, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 2943 Housing Units (2000): 1168 Land area (2000): 1.492412 sq. miles (3.865330 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.492412 sq. miles (3.865330 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ossian — [äsh′ən, äs′ē ən] n. [Gael Oisīn, dim. of os, a fawn] Gael. Folklore a bard and hero of the 3d cent.: James MACPHERSON James published pieces of poetic prose (1761 65) which he falsely claimed were his translations of Ossian s poetry from old… … English World dictionary
Ossĭan — (gäl. Oisian, irisch Oissin oder Oisein), keltischer Barde des 3. Jahrh., Sohn eines Königs Fingal (Finnghal) von Alba (Hochschottland), in seinem Alter erblindet: so erscheint er in den Gedichten, die seinen Namen tragen. Diese sind in den… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ossian — Ossĭan, kelt. Sagenheld, bedeutsam durch die von Macpherson 1765 herausgegebene engl. Übersetzung seiner gälischen Lieder (deutsch von Böttger, 1847), die, sogleich als unecht angezweifelt, der Sprache nach modern gälisch, dem Stoff nach der… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Ossian — (Oschiän), angeblich ein celtischer Barde aus Hochschottland, dessen Gedichte Macpherson (s. d.) herausgab; die neuesten Untersuchungen lassen keinen Zweifel übrig, daß der eigentliche Dichter der ossianschen Lieder Macpherson ist, daß er den… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Ossian — barde écossais légendaire du IIIe s. Les poèmes épiques qui lui sont attribués étaient inconnus quand, en 1760, J. Macpherson en publia une paraphrase qui excita l admiration des romantiques. Les poèmes originaux furent publiés en 1807 … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ossian — DEFINICIJA v. Macpherson (James) … Hrvatski jezični portal