- —ornithological /awr'neuh theuh loj"i keuhl/, ornithologic, adj. —ornithologically, adv. —ornithologist, n./awr'neuh thol"euh jee/, n.the branch of zoology that deals with birds.[1645-55; < NL ornithologia. See ORNITHO-, -LOGY]
* * *Branch of zoology dealing with the study of birds.Early writings on birds were largely anecdotal (including folklore) or practical (e.g., treatises on falconry and game-bird management). From the mid-18th century on, ornithology progressed from the description and classification of new species discovered in scientific expeditions to the examination of internal anatomy to the study of bird ecology and ethology. Ornithology is one of the few scientific fields in which nonprofessionals make substantial contributions; the field observations of birders provide valuable information on behaviour, ecology, distribution, and migration. Other information is gained by means of radar, radio transmitters, portable audio equipment, and bird banding, which provides information on longevity and movements.
* * *a branch of zoology dealing with the study of birds (bird). Most of the early writings on birds are more anecdotal than scientific, but they represent a broad foundation of knowledge, including much folklore, on which later work was based. In the European Middle Ages many treatises dealt with the practical aspects of ornithology, particularly falconry and game-bird management. From the mid-18th to the late 19th century, the major thrust was the description and classification of new species, as scientific expeditions made collections in tropical areas rich in bird species. By the early 20th century the large majority of birds were known to science, although the biology of many species was virtually unknown. In the latter half of the 19th century much study was done on the internal anatomy of birds, primarily for its application to taxonomy. Anatomical study was overshadowed in the first half of the 20th century by the rising fields of ecology and ethology (the study of behaviour) but underwent a resurgence beginning in the 1960s with more emphasis on the functional adaptations of birds.Ornithology is one of the few scientific fields in which nonprofessionals make substantial contributions. Much research is carried out at universities and museums, which house and maintain the collections of bird skins, skeletons, and preserved specimens upon which most taxonomists and anatomists depend. Field research, on the other hand, is conducted by both professionals and amateurs, the latter providing valuable information on behaviour, ecology, distribution, and migration.Although much information about birds is gained through simple, direct field observation (usually aided only by binoculars), some areas of ornithology have benefited greatly from the introduction of such instruments and techniques as bird banding, radar, radio transmitters (telemeters), and high-quality, portable audio equipment.Bird banding (or ringing), first performed early in the 19th century, is now a major means of gaining information on longevity and movements. Banding systems are conducted by a number of countries, and each year hundreds of thousands of birds are marked with numbered leg bands. The study of bird movements has also been greatly aided by the use of sensitive radar. Individual bird movements are also recorded on a day-to-day basis by the use of minute radio transmitters (telemeters) worn by or implanted inside the bird. Visual markings, such as plumage dyes and plastic tags on the legs or wings, allow visual recognition of an individual bird without the difficult task of trapping it and allow the researcher to be aided by amateur bird-watchers in recovering his marked birds. Research into the nature and significance of bird calls has burgeoned with the development of high-quality, portable audio equipment.
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Ornithology — ist eine Komposition von Little Benny Harris und Charlie Parker aus dem Jahr 1946, die sich zum Jazzstandard entwickelte. Zunächst war der Song eine Instrumentalnummer; seit 1953 existiert ein Text, der durch Babs Gonzales bekannt wurde.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ornithology — es un tema de jazz compuesto por el saxo alto de bebop Charlie Parker y el trompetista Benny Harris. Su título hace referencia al apodo del propio Parker, Bird (Pájaro). La primera grabación del tema, por el septeto del propio Parker, se hizo el… … Wikipedia Español
Ornithology — est un standard de jazz composé par le saxophoniste Charlie Parker et le trompettiste Benny Harris. Le titre de la composition fait référence au surnom de Charlie Parker Bird , (l oiseau). L ornithologie est une science qui étudie les oiseaux. Le … Wikipédia en Français
Ornithology — Or ni*thol o*gy, n. [Ornitho + logy: cf. F. ornithologie.] 1. That branch of zo[ o]logy which treats of the natural history of birds and their classification. [1913 Webster] 2. A treatise or book on this science. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
ornithology — 1670s, from Mod.L. ornithologia (1590s), from Gk. ornithologos, from ORNITHO (Cf. ornitho ) + LOGY (Cf. logy) … Etymology dictionary
ornithology — ► NOUN ▪ the scientific study of birds. DERIVATIVES ornithological adjective ornithologist noun. ORIGIN from Greek ornis bird … English terms dictionary
ornithology — [ôr΄nə thäl′ə jē] n. [ModL ornithologia: see ORNITHO & LOGY] the branch of zoology dealing with birds ornithological [ôr΄ni thō läj′i kəl] adj. ornithologically adv. ornithologist n … English World dictionary
Ornithology — This article is about the field of zoology. For the jazz composition, see Ornithology (composition). Part of a series on Zoology … Wikipedia
ornithology — noun (plural gies) Etymology: New Latin ornithologia, from ornith + logia logy Date: 1676 1. a treatise on ornithology 2. a branch of zoology dealing with birds • ornithological also ornithologic adjective • ornithologically … New Collegiate Dictionary
ornithology — [[t]ɔ͟ː(r)nɪθɒ̱ləʤi[/t]] N UNCOUNT Ornithology is the study of birds. [FORMAL] Derived words: ornithological [[t]ɔ͟ː(r)nɪθəlɒ̱ʤɪk(ə)l[/t]] ADJ ADJ n ...the Hampshire Ornithological Society. ornithologist plural N COUNT That area is an… … English dictionary