Oradea

/aw rddah"dyah/, n.
a city in NW Rumania. 178,407. Also called Oradea Mare /mah"rdde/. German, Grosswardein. Hungarian, Nagyvárad.

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German  Grosswardein , Hungarian  Nagyvárad 

      city, capital of Bihor judeţ (county), northwestern Romania. It lies about 8 miles (13 km) east of the Hungarian border, along the Crişul Repede River where it leaves the western foothills of the Western Carpathians and flows onto the Hungarian Plain.

      One of the first feudal states in the area, a principality ruled by Prince Menumorut at the end of the 9th and beginning of the 10th centuries, was centred on a citadel at Biharea, northwest of Oradea. The citadel of Oradea was erected between 1114 and 1131, destroyed by the Tatars in 1241, and rebuilt in the 15th century under the Corvinus dynasty. Between 1660 and 1692 the community was occupied by the Turks; it then became Hungarian until it joined Romania in 1918.

      Oradea is a cultural centre, with a state theatre, puppet theatre, philharmonic orchestra, regional library, and museum. Five miles east of Oradea are the spas of Băile 1 Mai and Băile Felix. Since World War II, Oradea has become a major industrial centre, producing machine tools, mining equipment, chemicals, processed foods, and footwear. Pop. (2007 est.) 205,077.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oradea — Nagyvárad   County capital   …   Wikipedia

  • Oradea — L hôtel de ville d Oradea …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oradea — Großwardein Nagyvárad Veľký Varadín …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oradea — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • ORADEA — (formerly Oradea Mare; Hung. Nagyvárad, also Várad; Ger. Grosswardein; in Hebrew and Yiddish texts the German name was used), city in Transylvania, W. Romania; until 1918 and between 1940 and 1944 in Hungary. Although documents dating from 1407… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Oradea — (húngaro: Nagyvárad, alemán: Großwardein) es una ciudad de Rumania. La ciudad tiene propiamente 206.527 habitantes (censo 2002), pero el área metropolitana tiene cerca de 220.000 habitantes. Oradea es una de las ciudades mas prosperas de Rumania …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oradea — (anc. Nagyvárad) v. de Roumanie, à la frontière hongroise; 220 848 hab.; ch. l. du district de Bihor, sur le Cris rapide. Centre industriel. Cath. catholique baroque (1752 1780); église orthodoxe à la Lune (1784); palais baroque (1762 1770). Hist …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oradea — [ō̂ räd′yä] city in NW Romania, near the Hungarian border: pop. 222,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Oradea — Original name in latin Oradea Name in other language Grosswardein, Growardein, Nagy Varad, Nagy Vrad, Nagyvarad, Nagyvrad, OMR, Oradea, Oradea Mare, Oradia, Oradja, Orantea, Varadinum, Veliki Varadin, Velky Varadin, Velk Varadn, ao la di ya,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Oradea — Gran Varadino (Italian), Großwardein (German), Magno Varadinum (Latin variant), Nagyvárad (Hungarian), Oradea (Romanian, Polish), Oradea Mare (former Romanian), Varadinum (Latin), Varat (Turkish) …   Names of cities in different languages

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