opposition

oppositional, oppositionary, adj.oppositionless, adj.
/op'euh zish"euhn/, n.
1. the action of opposing, resisting, or combating.
2. antagonism or hostility.
3. a person or group of people opposing, criticizing, or protesting something, someone, or another group.
4. (sometimes cap.) the major political party opposed to the party in power and seeking to replace it.
5. the act of placing opposite, or the state or position of being placed opposite.
6. the act of opposing, or the state of being opposed by way of comparison or contrast.
7. Logic.
a. the relation between two propositions that have the same subject and predicate, but which differ in quantity or quality, or in both.
b. the relation between two propositions in virtue of which the truth or falsity of one of them determines the truth or falsity of the other.
8. Astron. the situation of two heavenly bodies when their longitudes or right ascensions differ by 180°: The moon is in opposition to the sun when the earth is directly between them.
9. Astrol. the situation of two heavenly bodies or groups of heavenly bodies whose celestial longitudes differ by 180°, conducive to confrontation or revelation: an astrological aspect.
10. Elect. the condition that exists when two waves of the same frequency are out of phase by one-half of a period.
11. Ling.
a. the relationship between any two alternative units within a linguistic system, esp. between minimally distinct phonemes.
b. the feature that constitutes the difference between two such units.
[1350-1400; < L opposition- (s. of oppositio), equiv. to opposit(us) (see OPPOSITE) + -ion- -ION; r. ME opposicioun < OF opposicion < L as above]

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      in astronomy, the circumstance in which two celestial bodies appear in opposite directions in the sky. The Moon, when full, is said to be in opposition to the Sun; the Earth is then approximately between them. A superior planet (one with an orbit farther from the Sun than Earth's) is in opposition when Earth passes between it and the Sun. The opposition of a planet is a good time to observe it, because the planet is then at its nearest point to the Earth and in its full phase. The planets Venus and Mercury, whose orbits are smaller than Earth's, can never be in opposition to the Sun.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Opposition — Opposition …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • opposition — [ ɔpozisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1165 « objection »; lat. oppositio I ♦ 1 ♦ (1370) Rapport de choses opposées qui ne peuvent coexister sans se nuire; de personnes que leurs opinions, leurs intérêts dressent l une contre l autre. ⇒ antagonisme, combat,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Opposition — may mean or refer to: Opposition (planets), a term describing the position of a celestial body Opposition (chess), a term describing the position of the kings relative to each other Opposition proceeding, an administrative process available under …   Wikipedia

  • opposition — Opposition. s. f. v. Empeschement, obstacle. Opposition formelle. je n y apporteray aucune opposition. vous n aurez aucune opposition de ma part. On dit en termes de Pratique, Faire opposition. former opposition. lever opposition. Et l on dit,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Opposition — (v. spätlat.: oppositio „das Entgegengesetzte“) bezeichnet Opposition (Politik), eine Partei oder Gruppe, die der herrschenden Politik Widerstand und Ablehnung entgegenbringt Opposition (Astronomie), eine Konstellation, bei der sich zwei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • opposition — Opposition, Intercessio, Oppositio, Oppositus huius oppositus. Bailler ses causes d opposition, Intercessionis causas edere. B. Convenir son appel en opposition par lettres Royaulx, Prouocationem intercessione mutare, Prouocationem in… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Opposition — Op po*si tion, n. [F., fr. L. oppositio. See {Opposite}.] 1. The act of opposing; an attempt to check, restrain, or defeat; resistance. [1913 Webster] The counterpoise of so great an opposition. Shak. [1913 Webster] Virtue which breaks through… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Opposition — Sf std. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. oppositio ( ōnis), einer Ableitung von l. oppōnere (oppositum) entgegenstellen , zu l. pōnere stellen, legen und l. ob . Adjektiv: oppositionell; Verb: opponieren; Nomen agentis: Opponent.    Ebenso… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • opposition — [äp΄ə zish′ən] n. [ME opposicioun < OFr opposition < L oppositio < oppositus, pp. of opponere: see OPPONENT] 1. the act of opposing 2. an opposed condition; resistance, contradiction, contrast, hostility, etc. 3. a) any person, group, or …   English World dictionary

  • opposition — [n1] obstruction, antagonism action, antinomy, antithesis, aversion, brush, civil disobedience, clash, combat, competition, con, conflict, confronting, contention, contest, contradistinction, contraposition, contrariety, counteraction,… …   New thesaurus

  • opposition — ► NOUN 1) resistance or dissent. 2) a group of opponents. 3) (the Opposition) Brit. the principal parliamentary party opposed to that in office. 4) a contrast or antithesis. 5) Astronomy the apparent position of two celestial objects that are… …   English terms dictionary

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