Onondaga


Onondaga
Onondagan, adj.
/on'euhn daw"geuh, -dah"-, -day"-/, n., pl. Onondagas, (esp. collectively) Onondaga for 1.
1. a member of a tribe of Iroquoian Indians formerly inhabiting the region of Onondaga Lake.
2. the dialect of the Seneca language spoken by these Indians.
3. Lake, a salt lake in central New York. 5 mi. (8 km) long; 1 mi. (1.6 km) wide.
[ < Onondaga onó·tàke on the hill, the name of the main Onondaga town, at successive locations]

* * *

      county, central New York state, U.S., bounded by the Oswego and Oneida rivers to the north, Oneida Lake to the northeast, De Ruyter Reservoir to the southeast, Skaneateles Lake to the southwest, and Cross Lake to the west. It comprises a marshy lowland in the north and a hilly plateau region in the south. Other waterways include Onondaga and Otisco lakes and the Seneca River. Canals of the New York State Canal System (including the Erie (Erie Canal) and Oswego canals) converge at the north-central border of the county. Forests comprise a mix of hardwoods. State parks include Green Lakes, Old Erie Canal, and Clark Reservation. A military reservation is located near Syracuse, the county seat.

       Onondaga Indians, now residing in a reservation south of Syracuse, have inhabited the region for many centuries. Syracuse was the leading national salt supplier in the 19th century until the industry began to decline in 1870. That same year Syracuse University was founded. Many regional historical artifacts are on display at the Erie Canal Museum, the Salt Museum, and Sainte Marie de Gannentaha, which is a re-creation of a French Jesuit mission from the 1650s.

      Onondaga county was created in 1794 and named for the Indian tribe. Among the principal towns are North Syracuse, Galeville, Solvay, Baldwinsville, and Manlius. The main economic activities are services, retail and wholesale trade, and manufacturing. Area 780 square miles (2,021 square km). Pop. (2000) 458,336; (2007 est.) 454,010.

people
      tribe of Iroquoian-speaking North American Indians who lived in what is now the U.S. state of New York. The Onondaga traditionally inhabited villages of wood and bark longhouses occupied by related families. They moved these houses periodically to plant new fields, to seek fresh supplies of firewood, and to be nearer fish and game. They grew corn (maize), beans, squash, sunflowers, and tobacco. A council of adult males in each community guided the village chiefs.

      The Onondaga tribe, one of the five original nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, was the political and geographical centre of the league. With 14 seats in the council, the Onondaga furnished the chairman and the archivist, who kept the records of transactions in wampum belts.

      In the 18th century a sizable faction of Onondaga favouring the French interest migrated to Jesuit mission settlements along the St. Lawrence River. Another faction remained loyal to the British, and, upon the breakup of the Iroquois Confederacy after the American Revolution, a small party followed other members to Grand River in what is now Ontario. The majority, however, remained in their ancestral valley.

      Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 4,000 individuals of Onondaga descent.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Onondaga — [än΄ən dô′gə, än΄əndä′gə] n. [< AmInd (Iroquois) Ononta geʼ, lit., on top of the hill (name of the chief Onondaga village) ] 1. pl. Onondagas or Onondaga a member of a North American Indian people formerly living near Onondaga Lake in New York …   English World dictionary

  • Onondaga — tribe in the Iroquois Confederacy, 1684, named for its principal settlement, from Onondaga onontake, lit. on the hill …   Etymology dictionary

  • Onondāga — (indianisch, d.i. Hügelsumpf), 1) (O. Lake, Salt Lake), See im Staate New York, sehr trübes Wasser, in der Umgegend zahlreicke Salinen u. Mineralquellen; 2) Grafschaft im Staate New York, 33 QM., im Norden vom Oneida See begrenzt, vom Seneca… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Onondaga [1] — Onondaga, kleiner salziger See im NW. des Staates New York, mit gleichnamigem Abfluß nach dem Senecafluß. Nahe beim Südende liegt Syracuse (s. d.), am Ufer viele Solquellen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Onondaga [2] — Onondaga, nordamerikan. Indianerstamm, der zum Bunde der Irokesen (s. d.) gehörte. Im Staate New York lebten 1898 auf einer Reservation 383 Seelen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Onondaga — Contents 1 Native American/First Nations 2 Geology 3 Places 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Onondaga — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Onondaga peut faire référence en particulier à : La culture des Onondagas : Les Onondagas, un peuple amérindien, L onondaga, leur langue, Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Onondaga — Dibujo de Samuel de Champlain de su ataque a una villa onondaga. Los onondaga son una nación de la Confederación Iroquesa, cuyo nombre significa “montañés”. Vivían en las márgenes del lago Onondaga (Nueva York). Hoy tienen una reserva en Siracusa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Onondaga — noun (plural ga or gas) Etymology: Onondaga on{ohookac}•tàʔke, the chief Onondaga town Date: 1684 1. a member of an American Indian people of New York and Canada 2. the Iroquoian language of the Onondaga people …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Onondaga — Die fünf irokesen Nationen, circa 1650. Die Onondaga (Onöñda gega oder Das Volk auf den Hügeln) sind ein Indianer Stamm der Irokesen. Er zählte 1776 noch 1200 Mitglieder. Ihre Zahl war im Laufe der Zeit stark zurückgegangen, da sie wie die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.