Olympic Mountains

a mountain system in NW Washington, part of the Coast Range. Highest peak, Mt. Olympus, 7954 ft. (2424 m).

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Segment of the Pacific Coast Ranges, northwestern Washington, U.S. The mountains extend across the Olympic Peninsula south of the Strait of Juan de Fuca and west of Puget Sound within Olympic National Park.

The chief peaks are Mount Olympus, at 7,965 ft (2,428 m), and Mount Constance, at 7,743 ft (2,360 m). There is heavy rainfall, creating rainforests dominated by Douglas fir and Sitka spruce. Some trees are nearly 300 ft (90 m) high and 8 ft (2.5 m) in diameter.

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▪ mountains, Washington, United States
      segment of the Pacific mountain system of western North America. They extend across the Olympic Peninsula south of the Juan de Fuca Strait and west of Puget Sound in northwestern Washington, U.S. The mountains began to form about 35 million years ago when the Juan de Fuca Plate collided with and was forced under (subducted) the North American Plate, scraping off vast quantities of rock onto the continent as it went underneath. Over time the rock was sculpted by streams and glaciers, creating valleys, lakes, and rugged peaks.

      Several peaks exceed 7,000 feet (2,100 metres), including Mounts Anderson, Deception, and Olympus, the last of which, at 7,965 feet (2,428 metres), is the highest. The range holds about 60 glaciers. The prevailing westerly wind off the Pacific Ocean produces heavy annual precipitation (more than 160 inches [4,000 mm] in places) on the western slopes, resulting in the formation of picturesque rainforests dominated by Douglas fir, Sitka spruce, western red cedar, bigleaf maple, and western hemlock. Some trees reach heights of 300 feet (90 metres) and diameters of more than 7 feet (2 metres). The eastern slopes receive much less precipitation and are less thickly forested.

      The Spanish navigator Juan Perez sighted the mountains in 1774. John Meares, an English voyager, named the highest peak in 1788 because it appeared, like the Greek Mount Olympus, to be a fit home for the gods. The mountains lie largely within Olympic National Park, created in 1938 for recreation and for conserving the mountains, forests, and wildlife (including the rare Roosevelt elk), and Olympic National Forest, used for recreation and such commercial activities as timber production. The isolation of the mountains gave rise to several endemic plant and animal species, such as the Flett's violet and the Olympic marmot.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Olympic Mountains — 47°47′46″N 123°42′19″O / 47.79611, 123.70528 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Olympic Mountains — (Чезана Торинезе,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Viale IV Novembre 35, 10054 Чеза …   Каталог отелей

  • Olympic Mountains —   [əʊ lɪmpɪk maʊntɪnz], Gebirge am Pazifik im Bundesstaat Washington, USA, erreicht im Mount Olympus 2 428 m über dem Meeresspiegel; durch hohe Niederschläge (über 2 500 mm im Jahr) in der Gipfelregion stark vergletschert, darunter dicht bewaldet …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Olympic Mountains — one of the Coast Ranges on Olympic Peninsula, NW Wash.: highest peak, Mt. Olympus …   English World dictionary

  • Olympic Mountains — Coordinates: 47°50′N 123°50′W / 47.83°N 123.83°W / 47.83; 123.83 …   Wikipedia

  • Olympic Mountains — p1p5 Olympic Mountains The Brothers vom Meer aus Höchster Gipfel Mount Olympus ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Olympic Mountains — Sp Olimpo kalna Ap Olympic Mountains L Pakrantės klng. dalis, JAV (Vašingtono v ja) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Olympic Mountains — geographical name mountains NW Washington in central Olympic Peninsula see Olympus (Mount) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Olympic Mountains — Olym′pic Moun′tains n. pl. geg a mountain system in NW Washington, part of the Coast Ranges. Highest peak, Mt. Olympus, 7954 ft. (2424 m) …   From formal English to slang

  • Olympic Mountains — /əlɪmpɪk ˈmaʊntənz/ (say uhlimpik mowntuhnz) plural noun a mountain range in the US, in north western Washington. Highest peak, Mt Olympus, 2424 m …   Australian English dictionary

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