Old English

1. Also called Anglo-Saxon. the English language of A.D. c450-c1150. Abbr.: OE
2. Print. a style of black letter.

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Language spoken and written in England before AD 1100.

It belongs to the Anglo-Frisian group of Germanic languages. Four dialects are known: Northumbrian (in northern England and southeastern Scotland), Mercian (central England), Kentish (southeastern England), and West Saxon (southern and southwestern England). Mercian and Northumbrian are often called the Anglian dialects. Most extant Old English writings are in the West Saxon dialect. The great epic poem of Old English is Beowulf; the first period of extensive literary activity occurred in the 9th century. Old English had three genders (masculine, feminine, neuter) for nouns and adjectives; nouns, pronouns, and adjectives were also inflected for case. Old English had a greater proportion of strong (irregular) verbs than does Modern English, and its vocabulary was more heavily Germanic. See also Middle English; English language.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Old English — English language as it was spoken before 1100 C.E …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Old English — Old Old, a. [Compar. {Older}; superl. {Oldest}.] [OE. old, ald, AS. ald, eald; akin to D. oud, OS. ald, OFries. ald, old, G. alt, Goth. alpeis, and also to Goth. alan to grow up, Icel. ala to bear, produce, bring up, L. alere to nourish. Cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Old English — ► NOUN ▪ the language of the Anglo Saxons (up to about 1150), an inflected language with a Germanic vocabulary …   English terms dictionary

  • Old English — n. 1. the Low German language of the Anglo Saxons, comprising West Saxon, the major literary dialect, and the Kentish, Northumbrian, and Mercian dialects: it was spoken in England from c.A.D. 450 to c.A.D. 1100 2. BLACK LETTER …   English World dictionary

  • Old English — UK / US noun [uncountable] the oldest form of the English language, spoken from around the year 450 to the year 1150 …   English dictionary

  • Old English — For other uses, see Old English (disambiguation). Old English Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc Spoken in England (except the extreme southwest and northwest), parts of modern Scotland south east of the Forth, and the eastern fringes of modern Wales …   Wikipedia

  • Old English — (ca. 450–ca. 1100)    Old English is the name given to the language spoken by the Anglo Saxons from the time of their conquest of Britain in the fifth century until their own conquest by the Normans in 1066, after which the influence of Norman… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Old English — Anglo Saxon An glo Sax on, n. [L. Angli Saxones English Saxons.] 1. A Saxon of Britain, that is, an English Saxon, or one the Saxons who settled in England, as distinguished from a continental (or Old ) Saxon. [1913 Webster] 2. pl. The Teutonic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Old English — noun a) The ancestor language of Modern English, also called Anglo Saxon, spoken in Britain from about 400 AD to 1100 AD. The language is a more inflected language, maintaining strong and weak verbs, nouns, and adjectives. It has a clearly marked …   Wiktionary

  • old english — Текстура (Textura, Old English)     Хронологически первый вид готического письма [средневековый шрифт] (с XIII в.) и первый наборный шрифт Иоганна Гутенберга (ок. 1394–1468), созданный в сер. XV в. Появился во Франции, применялся также в Англии и …   Шрифтовая терминология

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