odeum

/oh dee"euhm/, n., pl. odea /oh dee"euh/.
1. a hall, theater, or other structure for musical or dramatic performances.
2. (in ancient Greece and Rome) a roofed building for musical performances.
[1595-1605; < odeum music hall < Gk oideîon, equiv. to oid(é) song, ODE + -eion suffix denoting place]

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Comparatively small, often semicircular roofed theater of ancient Greece and Rome used for musical performances.

One still in use was built by Herodes Atticus at the base of the Athenian Acropolis (AD 161). Odea were constructed in most cities of the Roman empire for use as assembly halls as well as for performances. See also amphitheater.

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      (Latin: “concert hall,” from Greek ōideion, “school of music”), comparatively small theatre of ancient Greece and Rome, in which musicians and orators performed and competed. It has been suggested that these theatres were originated because early Greek musical instruments could not be heard in the vast open amphitheatres in which dramatic performances were held.

      According to the Greek biographer Plutarch, of the 1st and 2nd century AD, the first odeum was built at Athens by the statesman Pericles about 435 BC. Adjacent to the Theatre of Dionysus (Dionysus, Theatre of), it was used for rehearsals. It differed from later odeums in its square shape and pointed roof. The Roman architectural historian Vitruvius, of the 1st century BC, states that it was burned during the Mithradatic wars of the 1st century BC.

      In AD 161 Herodes Atticus, a Greek scholar and philanthropist, built a new odeum at the base of the Acropolis, in memory of his wife, Regilla. In plan it was much like the semicircular Theatre of Dionysus, to which it was connected by an arcade. With 33 rows of seats, it accommodated approximately 6,000 spectators. It probably had a roof over the playing area. Largely rebuilt, it is still in use. Another odeum was built at Corinth, also by Herodes Atticus. Odeums were also constructed in most cities of the Roman Empire for use as assembly halls as well as for performances and contests.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • odeum — (n.) concert hall, c.1600, from L. odeum, from Gk. odeion, the name of a public building in Athens designed for musical performances, from oide song (see ODE (Cf. ode)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Odeum — O*de um, n. [L.] See {Odeon}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Odēum — (v. gr. Odeion), 1) Gebäude, in welchem poetische u. musikalische Wettstreite angestellt wurden. Ein O. war ein Theater im Kleinen u. unterschied sich von demselben nur dadurch, daß es ein Dach hatte u. daß die Bühne für die Vortragenden weniger… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Odēum — (griech. Odeion), bei den Griechen, in der Kaiserzeit auch bei den Römern, ein kreisrundes, bedachtes Gebäude für musikalische Aufführungen mit zahlreichen Sitzplätzen. Ein solches erbaute Perikles um 445 v. Chr. zu Athen für die musischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Odeum — Odēum (grch. Odeion), bei den Alten theaterähnliches Gebäude für musikal. Wettstreite, jetzt größere, für Konzert, Tanz etc. bestimmte Räume …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Odeum — Odeum, lat., Odeon, griech., theaterähnliches Gebäude, bei den Alten zur Aufführung musikalischer und poetischer Wettkämpfe bestimmt, aber auch zu Volksversammlungen u. Gerichtssitzungen benutzt; das erste wurde zu Athen aus der persischen Beute… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ODEUM — Graece Ὠδεῖον, vox apud Ciceronem et in Historiis frequens. In Odeo Attici theatri Aegyptiorum Regum statuas fuisse, Pausanias scripsit l. 1. Extra theatrum quoque loca dicata Musis, eôdem dicta nomine: quale Athenis a Pericle, destinatum Musicis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • odeum — [ō dē′əm] n. pl. odeums or odea [ō dē′ə] [LL < Gr ōideion < ōidē: see ODE] 1. in ancient Greece and Rome, a roofed building for musical performances 2. a modern concert hall …   English World dictionary

  • Odeum — Ode|um 〈n.; s, de|en〉 1. 〈Antike〉 rundes Gebäude für künstlerische Aufführungen, Theater 2. 〈heute meist〉 = Odeon [<grch. odeion] * * * Ode|um, das; s, Odeen [lat. odeum < griech. ōdeĩon, ↑ Odeon]: (im Altertum) runder, dem antiken Theater… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • odéum — odéon ou odéum (o dé on) s. m. 1°   Chez les anciens, édifice destiné à la répétition de la musique qui devait être chantée sur le théâtre. •   L Odéon fut brûlé au siége d Athènes par Sylla, et réparé bientôt après par Ariobarzane, roi de… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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