Oberlin

Fr. /aw berdd laonn"/, n.
Jean Frédéric Fr. /zhahonn frdday day rddeek"/, 1740-1826, Alsatian clergyman.

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      city, Lorain county, northern Ohio, U.S., about 35 miles (56 km) west-southwest of Cleveland. In 1833 John J. Shipherd, a Presbyterian minister, and Philo P. Stewart, a former missionary to the Choctaw people, founded the community and established the Oberlin Collegiate Institute (1833; designated a college in 1850) to train ministers and teachers for the West. The name was chosen to honour Johann Friedrich Oberlin (Oberlin, Johann Friedrich), an Alsatian pastor and philanthropist. In 1886 Charles Martin Hall (Hall, Charles Martin), an Oberlin alumnus, developed there the electrolytic process for producing aluminum cheaply. Oberlin College pioneered various reform movements, including coeducation and integration, and the city was the last station stop on the Underground Railroad by which fugitive slaves escaped to freedom in Canada. The Anti-Saloon League was founded in Oberlin in 1893. The city is nestled amid fertile farmlands; its economic and cultural life centres on the college and its famous music conservatory. Inc. village, 1846; city, 1950. Pop. (2000) 8,195; (2005 est.) 8,280.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Oberlin — Oberlin, OH U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 8195 Housing Units (2000): 2836 Land area (2000): 4.378838 sq. miles (11.341138 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.025816 sq. miles (0.066863 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.404654 sq. miles (11.408001 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oberlin — Lugar designado por el censo de los Estados Unidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oberlin — may refer to: Places in the United States Oberlin, Kansas Oberlin, Louisiana Oberlin, Ohio Oberlin College Oberlin Conservatory People Oberlin (surname) This disambiguation page lists articles associate …   Wikipedia

  • OBERLIN (J. F.) — OBERLIN JEAN FRÉDÉRIC (1740 1826) Pasteur du Ban de la Roche (Steinthal, près de Schirmeck), Oberlin exerce à partir de 1767, un peu comme son correspondant Lavater, une profonde influence en divers milieux au cours d’un apostolat de nature… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Oberlin [2] — Oberlin, Postort in der Grafschaft Lorain des Staates Ohio (Nordamerika), an der Cleveland Toledo Eisenbahn. Hrr das nach Oberlin 2) genannte Oberlin Institut, eine höhere, 1833 auf das System von Handarbeit gegründete Bildungsanstalt für Knaben… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Oberlin, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 1994 Housing Units (2000): 1048 Land area (2000): 1.917787 sq. miles (4.967045 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.917787 sq. miles (4.967045 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oberlin, LA — U.S. town in Louisiana Population (2000): 1853 Housing Units (2000): 789 Land area (2000): 3.078090 sq. miles (7.972215 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.078090 sq. miles (7.972215 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oberlin, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 8195 Housing Units (2000): 2836 Land area (2000): 4.378838 sq. miles (11.341138 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.025816 sq. miles (0.066863 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.404654 sq. miles (11.408001 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Oberlin [1] — Oberlin, Dorf im nordamerikan. Staat Ohio, Grafschaft Lorain, mit dem Oberlin College (für beide Geschlechter ohne Unterschied von Farbe), mit 95 Dozenten, 1618 Studierenden und (1900) 4082 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Oberlin [1] — Oberlin, 1) Jeremias Jakob, geb. 1735 in Strasburg, wurde Lehrer am Gymnasium u. 1778 Professor der Philosophie an der Universität u. st. das. 1806; er schr.: Orbis antiqui monumentis suis illustrati primae lineae; Rituum rom. tabulae; Museum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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