An·di·jon or An·di·jan also An·di·zhan (ăn'dĭ-zhănʹ, än-dĭ-zhänʹ)
A city of eastern Uzbekistan east-southeast of Tashkent. It is an industrial center in a cotton-raising area. Population: 275,000.

* * *

City (pop., 1998 est.: 288,000), eastern Uzbekistan.

Dating to at least the 9th century AD, it was an important trading centre in the 15th century because of its location on the Silk Road. Part of the khanate of Kokand (see Qoqon) in the 18th century, it was captured by the Russians in 1876. The surrounding area is the most densely populated part of Uzbekistan and the country's main petroleum-producing region.

* * *

also spelled  Andizhan, or Andižan,  

      city, extreme eastern Uzbekistan. Andijon lies in the southeastern part of the Fergana Valley. The city, which stands on ancient deposits of the Andijon River, dates back at least to the 9th century. In the 15th century it became the capital of the Fergana Valley and, being on the Silk Road caravan route to China, its chief centre of trade and handicrafts. In the 18th century it became part of the khanate of Kokand, and in 1876 Andijon was captured by the Russians. In 1898 it was the scene of an abortive native rebellion against tsarist rule. Andijon is subject to frequent earth tremors and was leveled by an earthquake in 1902 that took more than 4,000 lives.

      Andijon is now a road and rail junction and has engineering, electrotechnical, textile, and food-processing industries. Its cultural assets include teacher-training, medical, and cotton-growing institutes, an Uzbek theatre of musical drama and comedy, a puppet theatre, and a museum.

      The surrounding area is the most densely populated part of Uzbekistan. Several major irrigation canals provide water for crops of cotton, grapes, and fruit. The region is also the main petroleum-producing area of Uzbekistan. Other industries are mainly concerned with processing raw cotton and other agricultural products. Pop. (2007 est.) 321,622.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andijon — (Андижон) (usbek.) Der Bobur Platz in Andijon Basisdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andijon — Original name in latin Andijon Name in other language Andican, Andidzhan, Andijan, Andijon, Andijn, Andisjan, Andizan, Andizhan, Andizhan Andijon, Andizjan, Andian, Andian, an ji yan, andijan, ztnjan, Андижан State code UZ Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Andijon — Andijan Andijan Andijon Administration Pays  Ouzbékistan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andijon — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Andijon Country and Admin Code UZ.01 UZ …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Andijon — or Andizhan geographical name city Uzbekistan ESE of Tashkent population 298,300 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Andijon-Massaker — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Im Mai 2005 erreichten die Unruhen in Usbekistan einen Höhepunkt,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andijon Viloyati — Province d Andijan Province d Andijan Andijon viloyati Localisation de la province d Andijan en Ouzbékistan Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andijon Shahri — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Andijon Shahri Country and Admin Code UZ.01.1538282 UZ …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Andijon Tumani — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Andijon Tumani Country and Admin Code UZ.01.1514584 UZ …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Provinz Andijon — Andijon Lage der Provinz Andijon in Usbekistan Basisdaten Staat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.