- 1. a member of an Nguni people of Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia.2. the Bantu language of the Ngoni.3. Nguni.
* * *▪ peoplealso called Angoni, Abangoni, Mangoni , and Wangoniapproximately 12 groups of people of the Nguni (q.v.) branch of Bantu-speaking peoples that are scattered throughout eastern Africa. Their dispersal was due to the rise of the Zulu empire early in the 19th century, during which many refugee bands moved away from Zululand. One Ngoni chief, Zwangendaba, led his party to Lake Tanganyika; the descendants of his group, the Ngoni cluster proper, are located in northern Malaŵi, in Zambia, and in southern Tanzania. Another group found its way to Mozambique.Each Ngoni group formed a small independent state with a central administration based on patrilineal succession. It raided its weaker neighbours, and when the fertility of its own cultivated area was exhausted, the group moved elsewhere.The superior Ngoni military organization, based, like that of the Zulu, on universal conscription into age-set regiments, enabled them to capture many of the people whose lands they seized or pillaged. Some captives were sold as slaves to Arabs, but many were assimilated into the tribe, some achieving high rank in the army and administration. Despite losses from warfare, the population increased greatly, leading eventually to splits in the state and the dispersal of rival segments.Internally, each state, at least among Zwangendaba's people, was divided into several such segments, many of which were under the nominal leadership of queens.The settlement pattern was characterized by large, compact villages surrounding a central cattle pen. Villages were built quite close to one another and might contain 2,000 or 3,000 inhabitants. A belt of empty land surrounded the settled area, separating it from the territories of the tribes raided by the Ngoni.At the end of the 19th century, Portuguese, British, and German forces invaded the areas in which the Ngoni had been unchallenged for 50 years, and by 1910 all Ngoni had come under colonial control.
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Ngoni — ist eine drei oder viersaitige gezupfte Langhals Spießlaute in Mali. In der Mandingsprache werden die in Westafrika weit verbreiteten Saiteninstrumente mit einem bootsförmigen Korpus und einer aufgespannten Hautdecke neben ihren regionalen Namen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ngoni — may refer to: People Ngonidzashe Makusha, Zimbabwean long jumper Ngoni Takawira, South African businessman Other uses Ngoni people ethnic group in east southern Africa Ngoni (instrument), string instrument Ngoni Moss Frog Theo Ngoni, fictional… … Wikipedia
Ngoni — Ngoni, zu den Nguni zählende Volksgruppe der Bantu in Südwesttansania (östlich des Njassasees, rd. 200 000 Ngoni) und in benachbarten Gebieten von Moçambique (rd. 30 000 Ngoni). Die in Südostsambia (rd. 270 000) und verstreut in Malawi (rd. 675 … Universal-Lexikon
Ngoni — ou Nguni populations établies en Zambie, en Tanzanie et au Malawi (où ils sont 700 000). Au sens large, l appellation Ngoni englobe aussi les Xhosa, Zoulous, Swazi et Ndébélé … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ngoni — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Ngoni peut désigner : le n goni, un instrument à cordes pincées d Afrique de l Ouest les Angonis, un peuple d Afrique australe Catégorie : Homonymie … Wikipédia en Français
Ngoni — 1. noun a) An ethnic group of East Africa, mainly living in Tanzania, Malawi, and Zambia. b) The language of these people. 2. adjective Pertaining to the Ngoni or their language … Wiktionary
ngoni — Conjunto de grupos étnicos relacionados que viven en Sudáfrica, Swazilandia y Zimbabwe, entre ellos los xosa, los zulúes, los swazis y los ndebelés. Hablan lenguas bantúes muy emparentadas, muchas de las cuales son únicas entre las lenguas… … Enciclopedia Universal
Ngoni — [(ə)ŋ gəʊni] noun (plural same or Ngonis) 1》 a member of a people living chiefly in Malawi. 2》 (ngoni) a kind of traditional African drum. Origin a local name … English new terms dictionary
ngoni — noun A West African stringed instrument, resembling a guitar in shape … Wiktionary
Ngoni — ISO 639 3 Code : ngo ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3