Ngo Dinh Diem
/ngoh" deen" dyem", dzyem", noh" deen"/1901-1963, South Vietnamese statesman: president of the Republic of South Vietnam 1956-63.
* * *born Jan. 3, 1901, Quang Binh province, Viet.died Nov. 2, 1963, Cho Lon, S.Viet.President of South Vietnam (1955–63).Of noble birth, Diem was on friendly terms with the Vietnamese imperial family and served as Emperor Bao Dai's minister of the interior (1933), but he resigned when the French would not accept his legislative reforms. He turned down an invitation to join Ho Chi Minh's forces and lived in self-imposed exile until invited back in 1954 by Bao Dai to serve as prime minister of South Vietnam. In 1955 he ousted the emperor and made himself president. He refused to carry out elections mandated by the Geneva Accords of 1954, ruled autocratically, and showed preference to fellow Roman Catholics in an overwhelmingly Buddhist country. An unpopular leader, Diem was assassinated by his generals in 1963.
* * *▪ Vietnamese political leaderborn Jan. 3, 1901, Quang Binh province, northern Vietnamdied Nov. 2, 1963, Cho Lon, South VietnamVietnamese political leader who served as president, with dictatorial powers, of South Vietnam from 1955 until his assassination.Diem was born into one of Vietnam's noble families. His ancestors in the 17th century had been among the first Vietnamese converts to Roman Catholicism. He was on friendly terms with the Vietnamese imperial family in his youth, and in 1933 he served as the emperor Bao Dai's minister of the interior, but he resigned that same year in frustration at French unwillingness to countenance his legislative reforms. Relinquishing his titles and decorations, he spent the next 12 years living quietly in Hue. In 1945 Diem was captured by the forces of the Communist leader Ho Chi Minh, who invited him to join his independent government in the North, hoping that Diem's presence would win Catholic support. But Diem rejected the proposal and went into self-imposed exile, living abroad for most of the next decade.In 1954 Diem returned at Bao Dai's request to serve as prime minister of a U.S.-backed government in South Vietnam. After defeating Bao Dai in a government-controlled referendum in October 1955, he ousted the emperor and made himself president of the newly declared Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam). Diem refused to carry out the Geneva Accords, which had called for free elections to be held throughout Vietnam in 1956 in order to establish a national government. With the south torn by dissident groups and political factions, Diem established an autocratic regime that was staffed at the highest levels by members of his own family. With U.S. military and economic aid, he was able to resettle hundreds of thousands of refugees from North Vietnam in the south, but his own Catholicism and the preference he showed for fellow Roman Catholics made him unacceptable to Buddhists, who were an overwhelming majority in South Vietnam. Diem never fulfilled his promise of land reforms, and during his rule, Communist influence and appeal grew among southerners as the Communist-inspired National Liberation Front, or Viet Cong, launched an increasingly intense guerrilla war against his government. The military tactics Diem used against the insurgency were heavy-handed and ineffective and only served to deepen his government's unpopularity and isolation.Diem's imprisoning and killing of hundreds of Buddhists, who he alleged were abetting Communist insurgents, finally persuaded the United States to withdraw its support from him. Diem's generals assassinated him during a coup d'état.
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Ngo Dinh Diem — Ngô Đình Diệm Ngô Đình Diệm Ngô Đình Diệm, né à Huế le 3 janvier 1901, mort à Saïgon le 2 novembre 1963 est un homme politique vietnamien, chef de la République du Viêt Nam de 1954 à 1963. Catholique pratiquant, Ngô Đình Diệm était Mandarin et… … Wikipédia en Français
Ngo Đinh Diem — Ngô Đình Diệm Ngô Đình Diệm Ngô Đình Diệm, né à Huế le 3 janvier 1901, mort à Saïgon le 2 novembre 1963 est un homme politique vietnamien, chef de la République du Viêt Nam de 1954 à 1963. Catholique pratiquant, Ngô Đình Diệm était Mandarin et… … Wikipédia en Français
Ngô Đình Diệm — Ngô Đình Diệm, né à Huế le 3 janvier 1901, assassiné à Saïgon le 2 novembre 1963 est un homme politique vietnamien, chef de la République du Viêt Nam de 1954 à 1963. Catholique pratiquant, Ngô Đình Diệm était Mandarin et fils de Grand Mandarin à… … Wikipédia en Français
Ngo Dinh Diem — Ngô Đình Diệm Ngô Đình Diệm (Hán nôm: 吳廷琰; * 3. Januar 1901 in Huế; † 2. November 1963) war der erste Präsident der Republik Südvietnam 1955 63. In der westlichen Welt ist er kurz als (Präsident) Diem bekannt, obwohl dies eigentlich sein Vorname… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ngô Đình Diệm — (Hán Nôm: 吳廷琰, eigentlich Jean Baptiste Ngô Đình Diệm, * 3. Januar 1901 in Huế; † 2. November 1963 in Saigon Cholon) war der erste Präsident der Republik Vietnam … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ngô Đình Diệm — (nombre cristiano: Jean Baptiste Ngo Dinh Diem; 3 de enero de 1901 – 2 de noviembre de 1963) fue un político vietnamita y una figura central al principio de la Guerra de Vietnam. Conocido en el mundo occidental por su apellido (en el idioma… … Wikipedia Español
Ngô Dinh Diêm — (1901 1963) homme politique vietnamien. Il fit destituer l empereur Bao Dai (1955) et devint en 1956 le chef de l état sud vietnamien. Il instaura un régime autoritaire, perdit l appui des États Unis et fut tué lors d un coup d état militaire … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ngo Dinh Diem — [Ȗo diɲ ziəm], vietnamesischer Politiker, * Quang Binh (Annam) 3. 1. 1901, ✝ (ermordet) 2. 11. 1963; einer der politischen Führer der katholischen Minderheit in Vietnam, lehnte im Zweiten Weltkrieg eine Zusammenarbeit mit den Japanern, danach… … Universal-Lexikon
Ngo Dinh Diem — In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Ngo. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Diem. Ngô Đình Diệm President of the Republic of Vietnam In office 26 October 19 … Wikipedia
Ngo Dinh Diem — ► (1901 63) Político vietnamita. Fue presidente de Vietnam del Sur en 1955 63. Como jefe del Gobierno estableció un régimen propio de un autócrata. * * * (3 ene. 1901, provincia de Quang Binh, Vietnam–2 nov. 1963, Cho Lon, Vietnam del Sur).… … Enciclopedia Universal