neuropathy

neuropathic /noor'euh path"ik, nyoor'-/, adj.neuropathically, adv.
/noo rop"euh thee, nyoo-/, n.
any diseased condition of the nervous system.
[1855-60; NEURO- + -PATHY]

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Disorder of the peripheral nervous system.

It may be genetic or acquired, progress quickly or slowly, involve motor, sensory, and/or autonomic (see autonomic nervous system) nerves, and affect only certain nerves or all of them. It can cause pain or loss of sensation, weakness, paralysis, loss of reflexes, muscle atrophy, or, in autonomic neuropathies, disturbances of blood pressure, heart rate, or bladder and bowel control; impotence; and inability to focus the eyes. Some types damage the neuron itself, others the myelin sheath that insulates it. Examples include carpal tunnel syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, poliomyelitis, and shingles. Causes include diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, leprosy, syphilis), injury, toxins, and vitamin deficiency (e.g., beriberi). See also neuralgia; neuritis.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Neuropathy — Neu*rop a*thy, n. [Neuro + Gr. ?, ?, to suffer.] (Med.) An affection of the nervous system or of a nerve. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • neuropathy — (n.) 1827, from NEURO (Cf. neuro ) + PATHY (Cf. pathy). Related: Neuropath; neuropathic; neuropathist …   Etymology dictionary

  • neuropathy — [noo räp′ə thē, nyooräp′ə thē] n. [ NEURO + PATHY] any disease of the nervous system neuropathic [noor΄ō path′ik, nyoor΄ō path′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Neuropathy — ICD10|G|99|0|g|90 ICD9 = ICD9|337.0 ICD9|337.1, ICD9|356 ICD9|357, ICD9|377 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = search eMedicineTopic = neuropathy eMedicine mult = | MeshID = Neuropathy is a medical term, usually short for peripheral… …   Wikipedia

  • Neuropathy — Any and all disease or malfunction of the nerves. * * * 1. A classical term for any disorder affecting any segment of the nervous system. 2. In contemporary usage, a disease involving the cranial nerves or the peripheral or autonomic nervous …   Medical dictionary

  • neuropathy — n. any disease of the peripheral nerves, usually causing weakness and numbness. In a mononeuropathy a single nerve is affected and the extent of the symptoms depends upon the distribution of that nerve. In a polyneuropathy (see peripheral… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • neuropathy — A nerve problem that causes pain, numbness, tingling, swelling, or muscle weakness in different parts of the body. It usually begins in the hands or feet and gets worse over time. Neuropathy may be caused by physical injury, infection, toxic… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • neuropathy — noun (plural thies) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1857 an abnormal and usually degenerative state of the nervous system or nerves; also a systemic condition that stems from a neuropathy • neuropathic adjective •… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • neuropathy — noun any pathology of the peripheral nerves • Hypernyms: ↑pathology • Hyponyms: ↑Charcot Marie Tooth disease, ↑hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy, ↑mononeuropathy, ↑multiple mononeuropathy …   Useful english dictionary

  • neuropathy — noun Any disease of the peripheral nervous system …   Wiktionary

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