- —Nestorianism, n./ne stawr"ee euhn, -stohr"-/, n.one of a sect of followers of Nestorius who denied the hypostatic union and were represented as maintaining the existence of two distinct persons in Christ.[1400-50; late ME < LL Nestorianus. See NESTORIUS, -AN]
* * *Member of a Christian sect that originated in Asia Minor and Syria in the 5th century AD, inspired by the views of Nestorius.Nestorians stressed the independence of Christ's divine and human natures. Nestorian scholars played a prominent role in the formation of Arab culture after the Arab conquest of Persia; Nestorianism also spread to India, China, Egypt, and Central Asia, where certain tribes were almost entirely converted. Today the Nestorians are represented by the Church of the East, or Persian church, usually referred to in the West as the Assyrian or Nestorian church. Most of its members, who number more than 200,000, live in Iraq, Syria, and Iran.
* * *▪ Christian sectmember of a Christian sect originating in Asia Minor and Syria out of the condemnation of Nestorius and his teachings by the councils of Ephesus (AD 431) and Chalcedon (AD 451). Nestorians stressed the independence of the divine and human natures of Christ and, in effect, suggested that they were two persons loosely united. In modern times they are represented by the Church of the East, or Persian Church, usually referred to in the West as the Assyrian, or Nestorian, Church. Most of its members—numbering about 170,000—live in Iraq, Syria, and Iran.Christianity in Persia faced intermittent persecution until the Persian Church in 424 formally proclaimed its full independence of Christian churches elsewhere, thereby freeing itself of suspicions about foreign links. Under the influence of Barsumas, the metropolitan of Nisibis, the Persian Church acknowledged Theodore Of Mopsuestia, the chief Nestorian theological authority, as guardian of right faith, in February 486. This position was reaffirmed under the patriarch Babai (497–502), and since that time the church has been Nestorian.Nestorius had been anathematized at Ephesus (Ephesus, councils of) in 431 for denouncing the use of the title Theotokos (“God-Bearer”) for the Blessed Virgin, insisting that this compromised the reality of Christ's human nature. When supporters of Nestorius gathered at the theological school of Edessa, it was closed by imperial order in 489, and a vigorous Nestorian remnant migrated to Persia.The Persian Church's intellectual centre then became the new school in Nisibis, which carried on the venerable traditions of Edessa. By the end of the 5th century there were seven metropolitan provinces in Persia and several bishoprics in Arabia and India. The church survived a period of schism (c. 521–c. 537/539) and persecution (540–545) through the leadership of the patriarch Mar Aba I (reigned 540–552), a convert from Zoroastrianism, and also through the renewal of monasticism by Abraham of Kashkar (501–586), the founder of the monastery on Mount Izala, near Nisibis.After the Arab conquest of Persia (637), the Caliphate recognized the Church of the East as a millet, or separate religious community, and granted it legal protection. Nestorian scholars played a prominent role in the formation of Arab culture, and patriarchs occasionally gained influence with rulers. For more than three centuries the church prospered under the Caliphate, but it became worldly and lost leadership in the cultural sphere. By the end of the 10th century there were 15 metropolitan provinces in the Caliphate and 5 abroad, including India and China. Nestorians also spread to Egypt, where Monophysite Christianity acknowledged only one nature in Christ. In China a Nestorian community flourished from the 7th to the 10th century. In Central Asia certain Tatar tribes were almost entirely converted, Christian expansion reaching almost to Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia. Western travelers to the Mongol realm found Nestorian Christians well-established there, even at the court of the Great Khan, though they commented on the ignorance and superstition of the clergy. When during the 14th century the Church of the East was virtually exterminated by the raids of the Turkic leader Timur, Nestorian communities lingered on in a few towns in Iraq but were concentrated mainly in Kurdistan, between the Tigris River and Lakes Van and Urmia, partly in Turkey and partly in Iran.In 1551 a number of Nestorians reunited with Rome and were called Chaldeans (Chaldean Catholic Church), the original Nestorians having been termed Assyrians. The Nestorian Church in India, part of the group known as the Christians of St. Thomas (Christians of Saint Thomas), allied itself with Rome (1599), then split, half of its membership transferring allegiance to the Syrian Jacobite (Monophysite) patriarch of Antioch (1653). In 1898 in Urmia, Iran, a group of Nestorians, headed by a bishop, were received in the communion of the Russian Orthodox church.
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Nestorian — or Nestorians can refer to: Nestorianism, a Christological doctrine developed by Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople, condemned as heresy by the Council of Ephesus in 431 The Nestorian controversy, part of the Christological controversies of… … Wikipedia
nestorian — NESTORIÁN, Ă, nestoriéni, e, adj., s.m. 1. adj. Care aparţine nestorienilor (2). 2. s.m. Membru al unei secte religioase care susţinea că trebuie să se distingă în Isus Christos două persoane, aşa cum se disting două naturi (umană şi divină);… … Dicționar Român
Nestorian — Nes*to ri*an, a. 1. Of or relating to the Nestorians. [1913 Webster] 2. Relating to, or resembling, Nestor, the aged warrior and counselor mentioned by Homer; hence, wise; experienced; aged; as, Nestorian caution. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Nestorian — Nes*to ri*an, prop. n. (Eccl. Hist.) An adherent of Nestorius, patriarch of Constantinople in the fifth century, who was condemned as a heretic for maintaining that the divine and the human natures were not merged into one nature in Christ (who… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Nestorian — (n.) in Church history (mid 15c.), a follower of Nestorius (Latinized form of NESTOR (Cf. Nestor)), 5c. patriarch of Constantinople, whose doctrine attributed distinct divine and human persons to Christ and was condemned as heresy. As an… … Etymology dictionary
Nestorian — 1. adjective relating to teachings or to the followers of A Nestorian stele, dated 781AD, was discovered in 1625 near Changan 2. noun A perceived follower of in the fourth and fifth centuries. A member of a Nestorian church. After his return he… … Wiktionary
Nestorian — adjective Date: 1565 1. of or relating to the doctrine ascribed to Nestorius and ecclesiastically condemned in 431 that divine and human persons remained separate in the incarnate Christ 2. of or relating to a church separating from Byzantine… … New Collegiate Dictionary
nestorian — nes·to·ri·an … English syllables
Nestorian — Nes•to•ri•an [[t]nɛˈstɔr i ən, ˈstoʊr [/t]] n. 1) rel any of the followers of Nestorius, who denied the hypostasis of Christ and maintained the existence of two distinct persons in Him 2) rel of or pertaining to the Nestorians • Etymology:… … From formal English to slang
Nestorian — /nɛsˈtɔriən/ (say nes tawreeuhn) noun a member of an early Christian group who denied the hypostatic union and were represented as maintaining the existence of two distinct persons in Christ, doctrines attributed to Nestorius, died AD c. 451,… … Australian English dictionary