Nerva

/nerr"veuh/, n.
Marcus Cocceius /kok see"yeuhs/, A.D. 32?-98, emperor of Rome 96-98.

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I
in full Nerva Caesar Augustus orig. Marcus Cocceius Nerva

born с AD 35
died Jan. 28, 98

Roman emperor (96–98), first of the Five Good Emperors.

A member of a distinguished senatorial family, Nerva served twice as consul (71, 90). After an undistinguished career, he was chosen to succeed Domitian because of his age, dignity, and lack of children who would succeed him. He rejected Domitian's autocratic tyranny but completed Domitian's building projects and instituted his administrative and financial reforms. He adopted Trajan as his heir.
II
(as used in expressions)
Marcus Cocceius Nerva
Nerva Caesar Augustus
Caesar Nerva Traianus Germanicus
Caesar Divi Nervae Filius Nerva Traianus Optimus Augustus

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▪ Roman emperor
in full  Nerva Caesar Augustus , original name  Marcus Cocceius Nerva 
born AD 30
died end of January 98

      Roman emperor from Sept. 18, 96, to January 98, the first of a succession of rulers traditionally known as the Five Good Emperors.

      A member of a distinguished senatorial family, Nerva was distantly related by marriage to the Julio-Claudian house and had been twice consul (AD 71 and 90) when, on the assassination of the emperor Domitian, he became emperor. A number of elder statesmen emerged from retirement to help him govern the empire. The keynote of Nerva's regime was a skillfully propagandized renunciation of the terrorist means by which Domitian had imposed his tyranny. An agrarian reform measure and the last lex populi in Roman history were implemented in Italy. The one imaginative innovation commonly attributed to Nerva's government, the system of alimenta, or trusts for the maintenance of poor children in Italy, may have been the work of Trajan. In order to secure the succession, Nerva in 97 adopted and took as his colleague Marcus Ulpius Trajanus (Trajan), governor of one of the German provinces, who became emperor on Nerva's death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NERVA — MARCUS COCCEIUS (30 98) empereur romain (96 98) Bien connu grâce à un livre d’A. Garzetti, Nerva retient l’attention pour deux séries de motifs. Tout d’abord, il illustre bien ce que fut la noblesse du Ier siècle de notre ère. Issu d’une famille… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • NERVA° — (M. Cocceius Nerva), Roman emperor, 96–98 C.E. He mounted the throne at the tumultuous time following the death of domitian and succeeded in reconciling the interests of the traditionalist senate with those of the forces of spiritual revolution,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Nerva [1] — Nerva (a. Geogr.), Fluß im Tarraconensischen Spanien, im Gebiete der Cantabrer, bei Flaviobriga (Balbao); j. Navion, nach And. Ordunna …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nerva [2] — Nerva, 1) Marcus Coccejus N., römischer Rechtsgelehrter, wurde 22 n.Chr. Consul, begleitete den Kaiser Tiberius bei seinem Weggange nach Campanien; vorher war er mit Mäcenas u. Horatius sehr vertraut. Um seinen Namen von den Schandthaten des… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nerva — Nerva, Marcus Coccejus, röm. Kaiser, stammte aus Narnia in Umbrien, bekleidete mit Vespasianus 71 n. Chr. und mit Domitianus 90 das Konsulat und wurde nach der Ermordung des Domitianus 18. Sept. 96 von den Verschwornen als Kaiser ausgerufen und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nerva — Nerva, Nachbarort der Bergwerksstadt Minas de Ríotinto in der span. Prov. Huelva, (1900) 7908 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nerva [2] — Nerva, Marcus Coccejus, röm. Kaiser 96 98 n. Chr., nach der Ermordung des Domitianus vom Senat proklamiert, bewährte sich durch Rechtschaffenheit, adoptierte Trajan, gest. 27. Jan. 98 …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nerva — Nerva, Marcus Coccejus, 96 nach Chr. nach Domitians Ermordung zum Kaiser ausgerufen, regierte milde bis 98 u. erwies Rom durch die Adoption des Trajan die größte Wohlthat …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • NERVA — fluv. Hispan. in Cantabris. Ptol. Nesua Pomponio l. 3. c. 1. teste Pintianô. In Biscaia, Baudrand. nunc Nervio, antea Ibaycaval. Bilbaum rigat, et 5. mill. pass. infrain Oceanum Cantabricum se exonerat. Dicitur et Nansa …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Nerva — For other uses, see Nerva (disambiguation). Nerva 12th Emperor of the Roman Empire Bust of emperor Nerva, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome …   Wikipedia

  • Nerva — Para otros usos de este término, véase Nerva (desambiguación). Nerva Emperador del Imperio romano …   Wikipedia Español

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