- —Neoplatonic /nee'oh pleuh ton"ik/, adj. —Neoplatonist, n./nee'oh playt"n iz'euhm/, n. (sometimes l.c.)a philosophical system, originated in the 3rd century A.D. by Plotinus, founded chiefly on Platonic doctrine and Oriental mysticism, with later influences from Christianity. It holds that all existence consists of emanations from the One with whom the soul may be reunited.[1835-45; NEO- + PLATONISM]
* * *It came to dominate the Greek philosophical schools and remained predominant until the teaching of philosophy by pagans ended in the late 6th century. It postulated an all-sufficient unity, the One, from which emanated the Divine Mind, or logos, and below that, the World Soul. Those transcendent realities were thought to support the visible world. All things emanated from the One, and individual souls could rise to mystical union with the One through contemplation. Though Plotinus's thought in some respects resembles Gnosticism, he was passionately opposed to that doctrine.
* * *the last school of Greek philosophy, given its definitive shape in the 3rd century CE by the one great philosophical and religious genius of the school, Plotinus. The ancient philosophers who are generally classified as Neoplatonists called themselves simple “Platonists,” as did the philosophers of the Renaissance and the 17th century whose ideas derive from ancient Neoplatonism. See Platonism.
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NEOPLATONISM — NEOPLATONISM, the system elaborated by Plotinus and his pupil Porphyry on the basis of antecedent Middle Platonic and neo Pythagorean developments. The system was modified by their successors, the main post Plotinian currents and schools of late… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
neoplatonism — NEOPLATONÍSM s.n. Doctrină filozofică din sec. III VI ai cărei adepţi reluau filozofia lui Platon, încercând s o concilieze cu concepţiile mistice religioase din Orient. [pr.: ne o ] – Din fr. néo platonisme. Trimis de LauraGellner, 09.06.2004.… … Dicționar Român
Neoplatonism — Ne o*pla to*nism, n. [Neo + Platonism.] A pantheistic eclectic school of philosophy, of which Plotinus was the chief (a. d. 205 270), and which sought to reconcile the Platonic and Aristotelian systems with Oriental theosophy. It tended to… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Neoplatonism — (n.) also Neo platonism, 1827, a philosophical and religious system mixing Platonic ideas and oriental mysticism, originating 3c. at Alexandria, especially in writings of Plotinus, Porphyry, and Proclus. Neoplatonian is attested from 1831.… … Etymology dictionary
Neoplatonism — [nē΄ō plāt′ n iz΄əm] n. a school of philosophy developed by Plotinus in Rome, based on a modified Platonism, and postulating a single source from which all forms of existence emanate and with which the soul seeks mystical union Neoplatonic… … English World dictionary
Neoplatonism — Part of a series on Neoplatonism … Wikipedia
Neoplatonism — A philosophical movement that developed out of Middle Platonism, Neoplatonism ﬂourished in different schools in the years 250 529 ce. The father of Neoplatonism was Plotinus, and the second most inﬂuential Neoplatonist, his disciple, Porphyry … Christian Philosophy
Neoplatonism — Philosophical system (or group of systems) derived from the ancient Athenian philosopher Plato (428 348 B.C.); it is called Neoplatonism rather than Platonism because it tends to vary consider ably from the actual teachings of Plato and his… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Neoplatonism — A school of philosophical thought founded by Plotinus in the sixth century. Inspired by the writings of Plato, Plotinus concluded that it is from the One, Intelligence, and the Soul that all existence emanates. For him, it is through… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Neoplatonism — (al aflatuniyat al muhdatha) A creative synthesis of Pythagorian, Platonic, Aristotelian and Stoic philosophy – infused with a religio mystic spirit – Neoplatonism was the final flowering of ancient Greek thought (c. third – sixth century ce) … Islamic philosophy dictionary
Neoplatonism — The philosophy of Plotinos (q.v.), who sought to transform the dialogues of Plato (ca. 427 347 B.C.) into a philosophy of mysticism. His commentators included Porphyry (q.v.) and Porphyry s pupil Iamblichos (died ca. 325), who was accused of… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium