narthex

narthecal /nahr thee"keuhl/, adj.
/nahr"theks/, n. Archit.
an enclosed passage between the main entrance and the nave of a church.
[1665-75; < LGk nárthex, Gk: giant fennel]

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Long, narrow porch, usually colonnaded or arcaded, crossing the entire width of a church at its entrance.

The narthex is usually separated from the nave by columns or a pierced wall. In Byzantine churches the space is divided into two parts: An exonarthex forms the outer entrance to the building and bounds the esonarthex, which opens onto the nave.

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      long, narrow, enclosed porch, usually colonnaded or arcaded, crossing the entire width of a church at its entrance. The narthex is usually separated from the nave by columns or a pierced wall, and in Byzantine churches the space is divided into two parts; an exonarthex forms the outer entrance to the building and bounds the esonarthex, which opens onto the nave. Occasionally the exonarthex does not form an integral part of the main body of the church but consists of a single-storied structure set against it. A spectacular Norman example is the Galilee porch at Durham Cathedral in Durham, Eng.

      In the early days of Christianity the narthex was the only portion of the church to which catechumens (those preparing for the sacrament of baptism) and penitents were admitted.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • NARTHEX — Terme qui désigne, dans l’architecture paléochrétienne, le portique élevé en avant de la nef et formant le fond de l’atrium. Le narthex, qui précède donc la nef de l’église, a une fonction très précise qui est d’accueillir ceux qui ne peuvent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Narthex — • In early Christian architecture a portion of the church separated from the nave and reserved for those who were not admitted amongst the congregation. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Narthex     Narthex …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Narthex — et autres parties d une église Le narthex ou l avant nef est l entrée de l église, un espace intermédiaire avant d accéder à la nef proprement dite. Il peut être au devant du portail, ou entre le portail et la nef (Vézelay), ou faire partie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • NARTHEX — Graece Νάρθηξ, ferula proprie. Plin. l. 13. c. 22. Ferula calidis nascitur locis atque trans maria geniculatis nodata scapis. Duo eius genera, Nartheca Groeci vocant assurgentem in altitunem. Nartheciam vero semper bumilem. E qua quia prima… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • narthex — (n.) porch at the west end of early churches (used by penitents not admitted to the body of the church), 1670s, from Late Gk. narthex, in classical Greek giant fennel, of unknown origin. The architectural feature allegedly so called from fancied… …   Etymology dictionary

  • narthex — [när′theks΄] n. [LL(Ec) < LGr(Ec) narthēx < Gr, giant fennel: from a fancied resemblance of the porch to the hollow stem] 1. in early Christian churches, a porch or portico at the west end for penitents and others not admitted to the church …   English World dictionary

  • Narthex — Nar thex, n. [L., giant fennel, Gr. na rqhx.] 1. (Bot.) A tall umbelliferous plant ({Ferula communis}). See {Giant fennel}, under {Fennel}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) The portico in front of ancient churches; sometimes, the atrium or outer court… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Narthex — (gr.), 1) (Narthekĭon), Stab von Ferula communis, einer hohen, in Griechenland, Sicilien u. Apulien wachsenden Doldenpflanze, welchen die Bacchanten (daher Narthekophŏroi genannt) bei den Dionysien führten; von seinem Mark entledigt diente der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Narthex — (griech.), eine hoch wachsende Doldenpflanze, Ferula communis (s. Ferula), mit knotigem und markerfülltem Stengel, in dem Prometheus nach dem Mythus die Feuerfunken vom Himmel holte. Auch hießen so (Narthekion) die Kästchen oder Büchsen, die zur… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Narthex — Narthex, in der altchristlichen Basilika (s.d.) die schmale vergitterte Vorhalle der Kirche, die für die Katechumenen (die noch nicht in die Gemeinschaft der Kirche Aufgenommenen) bestimmt war. Auch Kästchen zur Aufbewahrung wertvoller… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Narthex — (grch.), Doldenpflanze (Ferula), in deren Stengel Prometheus die Feuerfunken vom Himmel holte; Kästchen zur Aufbewahrung wertvoller Gegenstände; in der Baukunst schmale, viereckige Vorhalle der Basiliken …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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