- /mawr tal"i tee/, n., pl. mortalities.1. the state or condition of being subject to death; mortal character, nature, or existence.2. the relative frequency of deaths in a specific population; death rate.3. mortal beings collectively; humanity.4. death or destruction on a large scale, as from war, plague, or famine.5. Obs. death.[1300-50; ME mortalite < MF < L mortalitas. See MORTAL, -ITY]
* * *in demographic usage, the frequency of death in a population.In general, the risk of death at any given age is less for females than for males, except during the childbearing years (in economically developed societies females have a lower mortality even during those years). The risk of death for both sexes is high immediately after birth, diminishing during childhood and reaching a minimum at 10 to 12 years of age. The risk then rises again, until at late ages it surpasses that of the first year of life. The expectation of life at birth is the most efficient index of the general level of mortality of a population. In ancient Greece and Rome the average life expectancy was about 28 years; in the early 21st century life expectancy averaged about 78 years in most industrialized countries. In countries with a high rate of HIV infection, however, the average life expectancy was as low as 33 years.
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mortality — mortality, mortality rate The death rate, usually standardized by age and sex, to facilitate comparisons between areas and social groups. It provides a measure of health risks, improvements in the quality of health care, and the comparative… … Dictionary of sociology
Mortality — Mor*tal i*ty, n. [L. mortalitas: cf. F. mortalit[ e].] 1. The condition or quality of being mortal; subjection to death or to the necessity of dying. [1913 Webster] When I saw her die, I then did think on your mortality. Carew. [1913 Webster] 2.… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Mortality — is the condition of being mortal, or susceptible to death; the opposite of immortality. It may also refer to: Mortality rate, a measure of the number of deaths in a given population Case mortality rate, a measure of the number of deaths among a… … Wikipedia
mortality — I noun condicio mortalis, death, destruction, evanescence, extinction, fatality, fugaciousness, fugacity, human race, humanity, humanness, impermanence, man, mankind, mortalitas, mortalness, subjection to death, temporary existence, transientness … Law dictionary
mortality — [n1] death bloodshed, carnage, deadliness, destruction, dying, extinction, fatality, killing, lethality, loss of life; concept 407 Ant. birth, life mortality [n2] humanness being, ephemerality, flesh, Homo sapiens, humanity, humankind, human race … New thesaurus
mortality — ► NOUN 1) the state of being mortal. 2) death, especially on a large scale. 3) (also mortality rate) the number of deaths in a given area or period, or from a particular cause … English terms dictionary
mortality — [môr tal′ə tē] n. [ME mortalite < OFr < L mortalitas < mortalis,MORTAL] 1. the condition of being mortal; esp., the nature of a human being, as having eventually to die 2. death on a large scale, as from disease or war 3. a) the… … English World dictionary
mortality — mortality. См. смертность. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
mortality — (n.) mid 14c., condition of being mortal, from O.Fr. mortalite massacre, slaughter; fatal illness; poverty; destruction (12c.), from L. mortalitem (nom. mortalitas) state of being mortal; subjection to death, from mortalis (see MORTAL (Cf.… … Etymology dictionary
Mortality — A fatal outcome or, in one word, death. The word mortality is derived from mortal which came from the Latin mors (death). The opposite of mortality is, of course, immortality. Mortality is also quite distinct from morbidity (illness). A condition … Medical dictionary
mortality — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ high, low ▪ Poor hygiene led to high mortality among children. ▪ early, premature ▪ a condition that often results in premature mortality … Collocations dictionary