monoplane

monoplanist, n.
/mon"euh playn'/, n.
1. an airplane with one main sustaining surface or one set of wings.
2. Naut. a planing craft the bottom of which is in an unbroken fore-and-aft line.
[1905-10; MONO- + PLANE1]

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      type of aircraft with a single pair of wings. The monoplane design has been nearly universally adopted over multiplane configurations because airflow interference between adjacent wings reduces efficiency. The first monoplane was constructed by the Romanian inventor Trajan Vuia, who made a flight of 12 m (40 feet) on March 18, 1906. Louis Blériot (Blériot, Louis) of France built a monoplane in 1907 and flew it across the English Channel two years later. Monoplane design proved itself conclusively during World War II, and since then the craft has completely supplanted the biplane except for special purposes. Compare biplane.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • monoplane — (n.) 1907, a hybrid coined from MONO (Cf. mono ) + second element of AEROPLANE (Cf. aeroplane). In old planes the wings formed a single surface running across the fuselage …   Etymology dictionary

  • monoplane — ► NOUN ▪ an aircraft with one pair of wings …   English terms dictionary

  • monoplane — [män′ə plān΄] n. an airplane or glider with only one main supporting surface, or pair of wings …   English World dictionary

  • Monoplane — For Félix du Temple s invention, see Monoplane (1874) Monoplane The low wing of a Curtiss P 40 …   Wikipedia

  • monoplane — UK [ˈmɒnəʊˌpleɪn] / US [ˈmɑnəˌpleɪn] noun [countable] Word forms monoplane : singular monoplane plural monoplanes a plane with a single wing on each side • See: biplane …   English dictionary

  • monoplane — viensparnis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. monoplane vok. Eindecker, m rus. моноплан, m pranc. monoplan, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • monoplane — viensparnis lėktuvas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Lėktuvas, turintis po vieną sparną abiejose korpuso pusėse. Viensparnis lėktuvas pagrindinis šiuolaikinių lėktuvų tipas. Pirmasis pagamintas 1909 m. Prancūzijoje.… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • monoplane — noun Date: 1907 an airplane with only one main supporting surface …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • monoplane — noun An airplane that has a single pair of wings …   Wiktionary

  • monoplane — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. airplane, single seater, aircraft; see plane 3 …   English dictionary for students

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