monogram

monogrammatic /mon'euh greuh mat"ik/, monogrammatical, monogrammic, adj.
/mon"euh gram'/, n., v., monogrammed, monogramming.
n.
1. a design consisting of two or more alphabetic letters combined or interlaced, commonly one's initials, often printed on stationery, embroidered on clothing, etc.
2. a single emblematic or decorative letter; applied initial.
v.t.
3. to decorate with a monogram.
[1600-10; < LL monogramma, irreg. < LGk monógrammon. See MONO-, -GRAM1]

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Originally a cipher consisting of a single letter, later a design or mark consisting of two or more letters intertwined.

The letters thus interlaced may be either all the letters of a name or the initial letters of the given names and surname of a person for use on notepaper, seals, or elsewhere. Many early Greek and Roman coins bear the monograms of rulers or towns. Most famous is the sacred monogram, which is formed by the conjunction of the first two Greek letters of ƧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (Christ), usually with the α (alpha) and ω (omega) of the Apocalypse on each side of it. The Middle Ages were extremely prolific in inventing ciphers for ecclesiastical, artistic, and commercial use. Related devices are the colophons used for identification by publishers and printers, the hallmarks of goldsmiths and silversmiths, and the logos adopted by corporations.

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 originally a cipher consisting of a single letter, later a design or mark consisting of two or more letters intertwined. The letters thus interlaced may be either all the letters of a name or the initial letters of the given names and surname of a person for use upon writing paper, seals, or elsewhere. Many of the early Greek and Roman coins bear the monograms of rulers or towns. Monograms are embroidered on household linens and on clothing.

      The most famous of all monograms, the Chi-Rho, known as the sacred monogram, is formed by the conjunction of the first two Greek letters of ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ, meaning Christ, and appears most usually as

, sometimes with the α (alpha) and ω (omega) of the Apocalypse on each side of it. The interlaced IHS, also called the sacred monogram, is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase Iesus Hominum Salvator (“Jesus, Saviour of Mankind”). This monogram apparently possesses no great antiquity and is said to have been the creation of St. Bernard of Siena (Bernardine of Siena, Saint) in the mid-15th century.

      The Middle Ages were extremely prolific in the invention of ciphers for ecclesiastical, artistic, and commercial use. Monograms or ciphers often were used by the early printers as devices and are of importance in fixing the identity of early printed books. Similar devices have been used by painters, masons, engravers, and ceramicists. Medieval merchants, in lieu of heraldic emblems, frequently employed “merchants' marks,” monograms consisting of the owner's initials and a private device, for which the generic term is rebus. These often contained a cross, either as a protection against storms or other catastrophes or as a Christian mark to distinguish their goods.

      Related devices are the colophons used for identification by publishers and printers, the hallmarks of goldsmiths and silversmiths, and the logos adopted by corporations, all usually in a traditional abstract or typographic design.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monogram — Mon o*gram, n. [L. monogramma; Gr. mo nos single + gra mma letter, fr. gra fein to write: cf. F. monogramme. See {Graphic}.] 1. A character or cipher composed of two or more letters interwoven or combined so as to represent a name, or a part of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • monogram — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. monogrammie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} znak graficzny powstały przez ozdobne połączenie liter, zwykle inicjałów, tytułu itp.; używany jako podpis lub znak własności : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Monogram Stanisława… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • monogram — mon o*gram, v. t. To inscribe or ornament with a monogram. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • monogram — MONOGRÁM s.n. v. monogramă. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  MONOGRÁM s.n. v. monogramă. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • monogram — mȍnogram (monògram) m DEFINICIJA 1. skraćenica, šifra, znak 2. ob. početna slova imena i prezimena, izrađena u posebno stiliziranom obliku (na posteljini, rublju itd.) 3. pravn. pov. na ispravi, grafički znak koji se sastoji od slova imena… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • monogram — [män′ə gram΄] n. [LL monogramma < Gr mono , MONO + gramma, letter: see GRAM1] a character or figure made up of two or more letters, often initials of a name, combined in a single design: used on writing paper, ornaments, clothing, etc. vt.… …   English World dictionary

  • monogram — ► NOUN ▪ a motif of two or more interwoven letters, typically a person s initials. DERIVATIVES monogrammed adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • Monogram — For other uses, see Monogram (disambiguation). Monogram of the Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie), formerly above the entrance to the Castle of Good Hope in South Africa. A monogram is a motif made by overlapping or… …   Wikipedia

  • monogram — m IV, D. u, Ms. monogrammie; lm M. y «znak utworzony najczęściej z dwu splecionych ze sobą liter, zwykle inicjałów czyjegoś imienia i nazwiska; używany jako podpis lub jako znak własności» Monogram jednoliterowy, dwuliterowy, kilkuliterowy. Złoty …   Słownik języka polskiego

  • monogram — {{11}}monogram (n.) two or more letters intertwined, 1690s, from Fr. monogramme or directly from L.L. monogramma (5c.), from Late Gk. monogrammon a character formed of several letters in one design, especially in reference to the signature of the …   Etymology dictionary

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