Monmouth

/mon"meuhth/, n.
1. James Scott, Duke of, 1649-85, illegitimate son of Charles II of England and pretender to the throne of James II.
2. a city in W Illinois. 10,706.
3. Monmouthshire.
4. former name of Freehold.

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      city, seat (1831) of Warren county, western Illinois, U.S. It lies about 60 miles (100 km) northwest of Peoria. Established in 1831, it was named to commemorate the Battle of Monmouth (Monmouth, Battle of) (New Jersey) fought during the American Revolution (June 28, 1778). When the city was originally to be named, three potential names (Kosciusko, Isabella, and Monmouth) were placed in a hat. Kosciusko, for Polish officer Tadeusz Kościusko (Kościuszko, Tadeusz) (who gained fame for his role assisting American forces during the Revolution), was drawn, but residents decided the name was too difficult to spell, and it was withdrawn; Monmouth was subsequently drawn. The city's economy has an agricultural base centred on livestock, corn (maize), and soybeans. Food processing is a major industry, and there is also some light manufacturing, including wood pallets and pottery. The city is the seat of Monmouth College (1853), affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). Monmouth hosts popular maple (July) and beef (September) festivals. Wyatt Earp (Earp, Wyatt), the legendary American West frontiersman, was born in Monmouth; his birthplace has been restored as a museum. Inc. village, 1836; city, 1852. Pop. (1990) 9,489; (2000) 9,841.

Welsh  Trefynwy 

      town, historic and present county of Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy), southeastern Wales, at the confluence of the Rivers Wye and Monnow on the English border. The town of Monmouth, granted its first royal charter in 1256, became important as the market for a rich agricultural region. Historical features include remains of an 11th-century Benedictine priory, a 13th-century gateway on Monnow Bridge, a boys' school founded in 1614, the 17th-century Wye Bridge, and the Shire Hall (1724). On nearby Kymin Hill the Naval Temple was built (1800) to honour 18th-century admirals. Lord Nelson (Nelson, Horatio Nelson, Viscount) had many associations with Monmouth, and the town's Nelson Museum houses a fine collection of his relics. Monmouth is the historic county town (seat) of Monmouthshire. Pop. (2001) 8,877.

      county, east-central New Jersey, U.S., bounded by Raritan and Sandy Hook bays to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. It comprises a coastal lowland drained by the Manasquan, Shark, Navesink, Swimming, Shrewsbury, and Millstone rivers. The county is forested primarily with oak, hickory, and shortleaf pine. Sandy Hook, a peninsula extending northward from the northeastern corner of the county, is part of Gateway National Recreation Area. The lighthouse on its northern tip, built in 1764, is the oldest in operation in the country.

      Algonquian-speaking Delaware Indians inhabited the region before it was permanently settled by Europeans. Freehold, the county seat, was the site of the Battle of Monmouth Court House (Monmouth, Battle of) (June 28, 1778) during the American Revolution. Allaire State Park contains a restored 19th-century iron-making village. Ocean Grove was founded in 1869 as a Methodist summer resort. West Long Branch is the home of Monmouth College (founded 1933). Other communities are Middletown, Howell, Long Branch, Neptune, Marlboro, Manalapan, and Asbury Park.

      Monmouth, one of New Jersey's original counties, was created in 1683 and named for Monmouth, Wales. The primary economic activities are services, retail trade, and agriculture (nurseries and greenhouses). Area 472 square miles (1,222 square km). Pop. (2000) 615,301; (2007 est.) 642,030.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monmouth — ist ein alter britischer Adelsname und der Name mehrerer Städte und eines Countys: Persönlichkeiten: Geoffrey von Monmouth, britischer Geistlicher, Gelehrter und Dichter des 12. Jahrhunderts Heinrich von Monmouth, auch Heinrich von Lancaster… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monmouth — Monmouth, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 9841 Housing Units (2000): 3986 Land area (2000): 4.029440 sq. miles (10.436202 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.021109 sq. miles (0.054671 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.050549 sq. miles (10.490873 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monmouth, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 180 Housing Units (2000): 77 Land area (2000): 0.561697 sq. miles (1.454789 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.561697 sq. miles (1.454789 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monmouth, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 9841 Housing Units (2000): 3986 Land area (2000): 4.029440 sq. miles (10.436202 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.021109 sq. miles (0.054671 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.050549 sq. miles (10.490873 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monmouth, OR — U.S. city in Oregon Population (2000): 7741 Housing Units (2000): 2934 Land area (2000): 1.933178 sq. miles (5.006909 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.933178 sq. miles (5.006909 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Monmouth — V. Geoffroi de Monmouth …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Monmouth [1] — Monmouth (spr. Monnmößh), 1) Grafschaft im westlichen Theile von England, an Brecknock, Hereford, Gloucester u. Glamorgan grenzend; 23,25 QM., 177,000 Ew.; hügelig (Hatterell u. Kalire Hills); Flüsse: Saverne, Usk, Wye, Elwith u.a.; fruchtbar… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monmouth [2] — Monmouth (spr. Monnmößh), James Fitz Roy, Herzog von M., geb. 1649 in Rotterdam, nach der gewöhnlichen Meinung natürlicher Sohn des Königs Karl II. von England u. der Lucy Walters, der frühern Maitresse des Obersten Sidney; Karl verstieß M s… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monmouth [1] — Monmouth (spr. mónnmöth), 1) (welsch: Mynwy) Hauptstadt (municipal borough) von Monmouthshire (England), am Zusammenfluß von Monnow und Wye, von bewaldeten Hügeln umgeben, hat eine alte Kirche (1882 im frühenglischen Stil erneuert), stattliche… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monmouth [2] — Monmouth (spr. mónnmöth), 1) James, Herzog von, natürlicher Sohn Karls II. von England und der Lucy Walters, geb. 9. April 1649 in Rotterdam, gest. 15. Juli 1685, wurde in Frankreich erzogen, nach der Restauration an Karls Hof berufen und zum… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monmouth — (spr. mönnmöth), Hauptstadt der engl. Grafsch. M. (1383 qkm, 1901: 292.327 E.), nördl. von Bristol, am Zusammenfluß des Monnow und Wye, 5095 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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