miscarriage

/mis kar"ij/; for 1 also /mis"kar'ij/, n.
1. the expulsion of a fetus before it is viable, esp. between the third and seventh months of pregnancy; spontaneous abortion. Cf. abortion (def. 1).
2. failure to attain the just, right, or desired result: a miscarriage of justice.
3. failure of something sent, as a letter, to reach its destination.
4. Chiefly Brit. transportation of goods not in accordance with the contract of shipment.
[1605-15; MIS-1 + CARRIAGE]

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Spontaneous expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus before it can live outside the mother.

More than 60% are caused by an inherited defect in the fetus, which might result in a fatal abnormality. Other causes may include acute infectious disease, especially if it reduces the fetus's oxygen supply; abnormalities of the uterus that have physical or hormonal origins; and death of the fetus from umbilical-cord knotting. The main sign of impending miscarriage is vaginal bleeding.

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also called  Spontaneous Abortion,  

      spontaneous expulsion of the embryo or fetus from the uterus before it has developed sufficiently to live without maternal support. The most common cause, accounting for more than 60 percent of miscarriages, is an inherited defect in the fetus, which might result in a deformed or otherwise abnormal child. An acute infectious disease may play a role in causing some miscarriages, particularly if it reduces the oxygen supply to the fetus. Certain uterine tumours or other uterine abnormalities also may induce a miscarriage. Death of the fetus stemming from external trauma or from knotting of the umbilical cord is another cause of miscarriage. Physical traumas (such as blows to or falls of the mother) and psychic traumas are rarely implicated in miscarriage.

      Endocrine (endocrine system, human) disorders such as the deficient secretion of the hormone progesterone may cause poor development of the decidua (the mucal lining of the uterus) or an abnormally irritable uterus and may thus sometimes result in miscarriage. The principal sign of an impending or threatened miscarriage is vaginal bleeding.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Miscarriage — Classification and external resources A complete spontaneous abortion at about six weeks from conception, i.e. eight weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP) …   Wikipedia

  • miscarriage — I noun abortion, abortive attempt, abortive effort, bad behavior, breakdown, cadere, collapse, default, defeat, disappointment, downfall, failure, fiasco, frustration, futile effort, hopeless failure, ineffectiveness, ineffectual attempt, loss,… …   Law dictionary

  • Miscarriage — Mis*car riage, n. 1. Unfortunate event or issue of an undertaking; failure to attain a proper or desired result or reach a destination; as, a serious miscarriage of justice. [1913 Webster] When a counselor, to save himself, Would lay miscarriages …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • miscarriage — (n.) 1580s, mistake, error; 1610s, misbehavior; see MISCARRY (Cf. miscarry) + AGE (Cf. age). Meaning untimely delivery is from 1660s. Miscarriage of justice is from 1875 …   Etymology dictionary

  • miscarriage — [mis kar′ij, mis′kar′ij, mis′kar΄ij] n. 1. failure to carry out what was intended [a miscarriage of justice] 2. failure of mail, freight, etc. to reach its destination 3. the natural expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the womb before it is… …   English World dictionary

  • miscarriage — 1 *failure, neglect, default, dereliction Analogous words: abuse, maltreatment, misuse (see corresponding verbs at ABUSE) 2 *abortion …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • miscarriage — [n] failure abortion, botch, breakdown, defeat, error, interruption, malfunction, misadventure, mischance, misfire, mishap, miss, mistake, nonsuccess, perversion, undoing; concepts 230,699 Ant. carriage, success …   New thesaurus

  • miscarriage — ► NOUN 1) the spontaneous expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. 2) an unsuccessful outcome; a failure …   English terms dictionary

  • miscarriage — n. spontaneous loss of pregnancy before 24 weeks, formerly known as spontaneous abortion. In threatened miscarriage there is vaginal bleeding (often minimal) associated with mild period type pains; the cervix is closed and ultrasound confirms a… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • miscarriage — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ early ▪ threatened ▪ spontaneous ▪ recurrent VERB + MISCARRIAGE ▪ have …   Collocations dictionary


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