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# minimum

/min"euh meuhm/, n., pl. minimums, minima /-meuh/, adj.
n.
1. the least quantity or amount possible, assignable, allowable, or the like.
2. the lowest speed permitted on a highway.
3. the lowest amount, value, or degree attained or recorded.
4. an arbitrary amount set by a restaurant, nightclub, etc., as the least amount to be charged each person for food and drink. Cf. cover charge.
5. Math.
a. Also called relative minimum, local minimum. the value of a function at a certain point in its domain, which is less than or equal to the values at all other points in the immediate vicinity of the point. Cf. absolute minimum.
b. the point in the domain at which a minimum occurs.
6. noting or indicating a minimum.
7. least possible: minimum risk.
8. lowest: a minimum rate.
9. pertaining to a minimum or minimums.
[1655-65; < L, neut. of minimus smallest, least. See MINOR]

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In mathematics, a point at which the value of a function is lowest.

If the value is less than or equal to all other function values, it is an absolute minimum. If it is merely less than at any nearby point, it is a relative, or local, minimum. In calculus, the derivative equals zero or does not exist at a function's minimum point. See also maximum, optimization.

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in mathematics, point at which the value of a function is less than or equal to the value at any nearby point (local minimum) or at any point (absolute minimum); see extremum.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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• minimum — [ minimɔm ] n. m. et adj. • déb. XVIIIe; mot lat. « le plus petit » I ♦ N. m. 1 ♦ Math. Valeur d une fonction inférieure à celles qui la précèdent ou la suivent immédiatement (opposé à maximum).⇒ extremum. Minimum minimorum : le plus petit des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

• minimum — MÍNIMUM s.n., adv. 1. s.n. Punct, limită, fază reprezentând extrema inferioară. 2. s.n. Cea mai mică cantitate, valoare, intensitate; minim1. 3. adv. În cantitatea, timpul, spaţiul minim2; cel puţin..., pe puţin...; măcar. – Din lat., fr. minimum …   Dicționar Român

• minimum — I {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. n V, lm M. minimumma {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} najmniejsza możliwa do osiągnięcia wartość czegoś, najmniejsza ilość; najmniejsza wystarczająca, nieodzowna, wymagana do czegoś ilość, wielkość : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Ograniczyć… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

• minimum — I noun bit, dash, drop, fragment, ioi:a, jot, least amount, least part, least quantity, lowest quantity, minim, modicum, morsel, mote, pars minima, particle, piece, quorum, scantling, scintilla, shade, sliver, small amount, small quantity,… …   Law dictionary

• Minimum — Sn erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. minimum das Geringste , Substantivierung des Superlativs l. minimus der Kleinste (minus). Adjektiv: minimal.    Ebenso ne. minimum, nfrz. minimum, nschw. minimum, nnorw. minimum …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

• minimum — / minimum/ s.m. [dal lat. minĭmum, neutro sost. di minĭmus ]. [livello o numero più basso: il m. dei voti per l elezione a deputato ] ▶◀ minimo. ◀▶ massimo, maximum …   Enciclopedia Italiana

• minimum — mìnimum m DEFINICIJA 1. najmanja količina, veličina, mjera itd. [svesti na minimum učiniti da ostane najmanja moguća količina čega], opr. maksimum 2. mat. najmanja vrijednost, ob. u skupu vrijednosti koje poprima neka funkcija ili općenito u… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

• Minimum — Min i*mum, n.; pl. {Minima}. [L., fr. minimus. See {Minim}.] The least quantity assignable, admissible, or possible, in a given case; hence, a thing of small consequence; opposed to {maximum}. [1913 Webster] {Minimum thermometer}, a thermometer… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Minimum — »Mindestmaß, wert, preis«: Das Fremdwort wurde im 18. Jh. aus lat. minimum »das Kleinste, Geringste, Wenigste« entlehnt, dem substantivierten Neutrum von lat. minimus »kleinster« (vgl. ↑ minus). – Dazu die nlat. Ableitung minimal »sehr klein,… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

• minimum — [adj] least, lowest least possible, littlest, merest, minimal, slightest, smallest, tiniest; concepts 762,789 Ant. largest, maximum, most minimum [n] lowest amount atom, bottom, dab, depth, dot, gleam, grain, hair, iota, jot, least, lowest,… …   New thesaurus

• mínimum — sustantivo masculino 1. Uso/registro: restringido. Pragmática: intensificador. Límite o grado inferior al que puede llegar una persona o cosa: Se exige un mínimum de esfuerzo. Sinónimo: mínimo …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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