minim

/min"euhm/, n.
1. the smallest unit of liquid measure, 1/60 of a fluid dram, roughly equivalent to one drop. Abbr.: min, min.;
2. Music. a note, formerly the shortest in use, but now equivalent in time value to one half of a semibreve; half note. See illus. under note.
3. the least quantity of anything.
4. something very small or insignificant.
5. (cap.) a member of a mendicant religious order founded in the 15th century by St. Francis of Paola.
adj.
6. smallest.
7. very small.
[1400-50; late ME < ML, L minimus; as musical term, < ML (nota) minima; see MINIMUM]

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▪ religious order
member of  Order of Minim Brothers 

      an order of friars founded in 1435 by St. Francis of Paola in Calabria, Italy. Members consider humility the primary virtue and regard themselves as the least (minimi) of all the religious. To the traditional vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience they add a fourth vow binding them to abstain from meat, eggs, milk, cheese, fish, and their derivatives. The founder claimed to have received the motto “Charitas” in a vision from the Archangel Michael.

      The rule's original order, based primarily on that of St. Francis of Assisi (Francis of Assisi, Saint), was approved by Pope Alexander VI in 1493. The rule was revised a number of times thereafter, becoming less dependent on St. Francis' rule. The order includes friars, nuns, and laypersons.

      The order spread rapidly, especially in Italy and France, its greatest period of expansion occurring in the 16th century, when the Minims controlled more than 400 communities and numbered 9,000 members. Then, during the height of anticlericalism in the 19th century, the Minims fell on hard times and were drastically reduced in numbers and influence. Today the Minims have convents in Italy and Spain and a third order of laypersons in South America.

      The Minims devote themselves to prayer, study, and scholarship. They have included several notable teachers, scholars, and pastors, among the best known being Blessed Gaspar de Bono and Father Bernard Boyl (Buil). Father Boyl accompanied Columbus on his second voyage to America and was the first apostolic delegate to America.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Minim — may refer to: Minim (music), a note length, another name for a half note (which usually gets two beats) MINIM (band), an industrial rock band from Spain Minim (unit), an amount of fluid Minim (religious order), a member of a religious order… …   Wikipedia

  • minim — [min′im] n. [ME mynym (in MINIM sense 3) < L minimus, least: see MINIMUM] 1. the smallest unit of liquid measure, equal to 1/ 60 fluid dram or about half a drop (0.0616 milliliter): the British and Canadian imperial minim equals 1/ 60 of an… …   English World dictionary

  • Minim — Min im, a. Minute. Minim forms. J. R. Drake. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Minim — Min im, n. [F. minime, L. minimus the least, smallest, a superl. of minor: cf. It. minima a note in music. See {Minor}, and cf. Minimum.] [1913 Webster] 1. Anything very minute; as, the minims of existence; applied to animalcula; and the like.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Minim — (engl., spr. minnim). kleinstes Maß in britischen Apotheken, 60 fluid m. im fluid dram von 3,57 ccm …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • minim — index minimum, scintilla Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • minim — англ. [ми/ним] minima ит. [ми/нима] 1/2 нота …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • minim — (n.) mid 15c., in music, from L. minimus smallest, least; minute, trifling, insignificant; of time, least, shortest, very short; of age, youngest; as a noun, least price, lowest price (see MINIMUM (Cf. minimum)). Calligraphy sense is from c.1600 …   Etymology dictionary

  • minim — ► NOUN 1) Music, chiefly Brit. a note having the time value of two crotchets or half a semibreve, represented by a ring with a stem. 2) one sixtieth of a fluid drachm, about one drop of liquid. ORIGIN from Latin minimus smallest …   English terms dictionary

  • Minim —  à ne pas confondre avec le peuple de ce nom Les minim (hébreu mishnaïque : מינים « Minéens ») sont, dans la littérature rabbinique, des Juifs hétérodoxes, hérétiques, séditieux ou dissidents. Le terme désigne selon l’époque… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Minim — Para el grupo de música rock, véase MINIM. Un minim (conocido también como minimum) es una medida de volumen utilizada para indicar el contenido de algunos recipientes. Ésta es la unidad más diminuta del sistema anglosajón de unidades. El minim… …   Wikipedia Español

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