Minden

/min"deuhn/, n.
a city in NW Louisiana. 15,074.

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      city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), northwestern Germany. It lies along the Weser River, near a defile known as the Westfalica Gate where the river leaves the mountains and enters the North German Plain, west of Hannover.

      The emperor Charlemagne organized a military bishopric there in 800. The town struggled for independence from the bishopric, joined the Hanseatic League in the 13th century, and thrived as a trading centre. The bishopric was secularized in 1648, when it passed with the town to Brandenburg. Minden was fortified by Frederick II (the Great) of Prussia in the mid-18th century. Although it was held briefly by the French in the Seven Years' War, it reverted to Prussia after the victory of the British and Hanoverians at the Battle of Minden in 1759. It passed to Westphalia in 1807 but became Prussian again in 1814.

      An important road and rail traffic centre, Minden is at a junction of waterways, where the Mittelland Canal aqueduct bridges the Weser. Chemicals, ceramics, electrical goods, paper production, metalworking, and woodworking are important to the city's economy. Other significant economic activities are based on farming and cattle breeding in the surrounding area. Minden's economy also relies on federal and state administrative functions.

      The 11th–13th-century Gothic single-nave cathedral and the early Gothic town hall were severely damaged in World War II (as were other buildings in the historic city centre); both have been rebuilt. The medieval churches of St. Martin and St. Mary and a number of “Weser Renaissance” houses survived. Minden features a municipal museum, with exhibits on local history, crafts, and customs, and an amusement park. Pop. (2003 est.) 82,947.

      city, seat (1876) of Kearney county, south-central Nebraska, U.S., about 15 miles (25 km) southeast of the city of Kearney. Founded in 1876 and named for Minden, Ger., it was settled by German, Swedish, and Danish immigrants and became a service point for a farming area. Agriculture remains the economic base; corn (maize), wheat, sorghum, soybeans, and cattle are produced. Tourism and manufacturing (prefabricated houses and aircraft parts) are also important. Minden is mainly known for Pioneer Village (founded 1953), one of the state's top tourist attractions. Buildings representing American pioneer life are chronologically arranged and include a sod house, a pioneer school, a general store, and an original Pony Express station. It also has a large collection of antique vehicles and machinery and a steam-powered antique carousel. Inc. 1888. Pop. (2000) 2,964; (2005 est.) 2,913.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Minden — • Minden on the Weser is first heard of in 798, and in 803 in the Treaty of Salz, made with the Saxons, it is spoken of as a see Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Minden     Minden …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Minden 05 — Voller Name Mindener Spiel vereinigung 05 e.V. Gegründet 15. Mai 1905 Klubfarben rot weiß …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minden — Minden, NE U.S. city in Nebraska Population (2000): 2964 Housing Units (2000): 1269 Land area (2000): 1.637849 sq. miles (4.242009 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.637849 sq. miles (4.242009 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • MINDEN — MINDEN, town in Germany. Jews are mentioned for the first time in 1270 as being under the bishop s protection. After 1336 the town agreed to recognize the bishop s prerogatives over the Jews provided that they paid municipal taxes as well as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Minden [2] — Minden (M. i. Westfalen, Preußisch M.), Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Regierungsbezirks und Kreises in der preuß. Provinz Westfalen und bis 1873 Festung zweiten Ranges, liegt 46 m ü. M. am linken Ufer der Weser, über die hier eine feste, von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Minden — prop. n. A battle in the Seven Years War (1759) in which the Anglo Allied forces under duke Ferdinand of Brunswick defeated the French under Marshal Contades. Syn: battle of Minden. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Minden — (Preußisch M.), 1) vormaliges Fürstenthum des Westfälischen Kreises, von Diepholz, Hoya, Kalenberg, Schaumburg, Lippe, Ravensberg u. Osnabrück begrenzt; 20 QM., 70,000 Ew.; bergig, fruchtbar, mit lebhafter Industrie; war in zwei Immediatstädte, M …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Minden, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 564 Housing Units (2000): 236 Land area (2000): 0.351766 sq. miles (0.911071 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.351766 sq. miles (0.911071 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Minden, LA — U.S. city in Louisiana Population (2000): 13027 Housing Units (2000): 5795 Land area (2000): 11.894248 sq. miles (30.805960 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.088337 sq. miles (0.228791 sq. km) Total area (2000): 11.982585 sq. miles (31.034751 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Minden, NE — U.S. city in Nebraska Population (2000): 2964 Housing Units (2000): 1269 Land area (2000): 1.637849 sq. miles (4.242009 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.637849 sq. miles (4.242009 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Minden, NV — U.S. Census Designated Place in Nevada Population (2000): 2836 Housing Units (2000): 1231 Land area (2000): 4.269990 sq. miles (11.059224 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.019496 sq. miles (0.050495 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.289486 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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