midrash

midrashic /mid rash"ik/, adj.
Seph. Heb. /mee drddahsh"/; Ashk. Heb. /mi"drddahsh/, n., pl. midrashim Seph. Heb. /mee drddah sheem"/; Ashk. Heb. /mi drddaw"shim/, midrashoth, midrashot, midrashos Seph. Heb. /mee drddah shawt"/; Ashk. Heb. /mi drddaw"shohs/.
1. an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text, clarifying or expounding a point of law or developing or illustrating a moral principle.
2. (cap.) a collection of such interpretations or commentaries, esp. those written in the first ten centuries A.D.
[1605-15; < Heb midrash lit., exposition]

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In Judaism, a large collection of writings that examine the Hebrew Bible in the light of oral tradition.

Midrashic activity reached its height in the 2nd century AD with the schools of Ishmael ben Elisha and Akiba ben Joseph. The Midrashim are divided into two groups: Halakhah, which clarify legal issues; and Haggadah, nonlegal writings intended simply to enlighten. The Midrashim are extensively quoted in the Talmud.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MIDRASH — (Heb. מִדְרָשׁ), the designation of a particular genre of rabbinic literature containing anthologies and compilations of homilies, including both biblical exegesis (see hermeneutics ) and sermons delivered in public (see homiletics ) as well as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MIDRASH — Terme dérivé de la racine dorash , qui signifie, en hébreu biblique, «rechercher», «examiner». Il acquiert à l’époque du second Temple le sens d’éducation et d’étude (cf. II Chron., XIII, 22). Il désigne une exégèse approfondie de l’Écriture, qui …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Midrash — (מדרש; explicación , plural midrashim) es un término hebreo que designa un método de exégesis de un texto bíblico, dirigido al estudio o investigación que facilite la comprensión de la Torá. El término midrash también puede referirse a una… …   Wikipedia Español

  • midrash — [mid′räsh] n. pl. midrashim [mid rä′shim] or midrashoth [mid rä′shōt] [Heb midrash, explanation] Judaism any of the rabbinical commentaries and explanatory notes on the Scriptures, written between the beginning of the Exile and c.A.D. 1200 1200… …   English World dictionary

  • Midrash — Mid*rash , n.; pl. {Midrashim}, {Midrashoth}. [Heb., explanation.] A talmudic exposition of the Hebrew law, or of some part of it. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Midrash — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • Midrash — Le Midrash ((he): מדרש; pluriel midrashim) est un terme hébreu désignant une méthode d exégèse herméneutique, comparative et homilétique, parmi les quatre méthodes réunies sous le nom de Pardès. Le terme midrash se réfère aussi à une compilation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Midrash — noun a) A Rabbinic commentary on a text from the Hebrew Scripture. Midrash was not a purely intellectual pursuit and study was never an end in itself: it had to inspire practical action in the world. b) The Rabbinic technique or tradition of such …   Wiktionary

  • MIDRASH —    the earliest Hebrew exposition of the Old Testament; included the Halacha, or development of the legal system on Pentateuchal lines, and the Hagada, a commentary on the whole Scripture, with ethical, social, and religious applications. The… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • midrash — Early Jewish commentary on scripture. The purpose is to bring it up to date for readers of each generation; it is a kind of interpretation, and also a work of reconciliation explaining an original narrative by the insights of a later age. Thus,… …   Dictionary of the Bible

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