Midlothian

/mid loh"dhee euhn/ for 1; /mid loh"thee euhn/ for 2, n.
1. Formerly, Edinburgh. a historic county in SE Scotland.
2. a town in NE Illinois. 14,274.

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▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom
      council area and historic county in southeastern Scotland, south of the Firth of Forth. The historic county and council area cover somewhat different territories. The council area encompasses a suburban and rural area south and southeast of Edinburgh. The northern part of the council area occupies the low coastal plain bordering the Firth of Forth. The rest is gently rolling country that gradually slopes upward to the Moorfoot Hills in the south. The River Esk flows northward through the area to drain into the Firth of Forth. The council area lies entirely within the historic county, which also encompasses the southeastern portion of West Lothian council area, a hilly region south of the Moorfoot Hills surrounding the upper valley of Gala Water in the Scottish Borders council area, the town of Musselburgh in East Lothian council area, and most of the council area of the city of Edinburgh, including the city's historic core.

      The remains of prehistoric forts are found on several hilltops in the historic county of Midlothian, and Roman settlements have been identified at Inveresk and Cramond, which probably lay along the main Roman road leading northward from England. Along with the rest of the Lothian region, Midlothian was subsequently held by the Angles of Northumbria, but in the 11th century AD King Malcolm II of Scotland (reigned 1005–34) conquered the area. Edinburgh became the capital of Scotland in the 15th century. Midlothian's history from that time is essentially that of Edinburgh, and until the 20th century the county was known as Edinburghshire.

      Aside from the architectural riches of Edinburgh, Midlothian has the remains of many ecclesiastical buildings, including the great Cistercian abbey at Newbattle and a church of the Knights Templar at Temple. Numerous castles and country mansions built after 1400 survive, particularly near Edinburgh. Famous battle sites are at Pinkie (1547), Carberry Hill (1567), and Rullion Green (1666).

      Crops raised in Midlothian council area include oats, barley, potatoes, turnips, and wheat, and dairy cattle and sheep are kept. The leading industrial sector is electronics manufacturing, concentrated in the suburban towns outside Edinburgh, and there is a sizeable service sector. Dalkeith is the administrative centre. Other large towns include Bonnyrigg, Loanhead, and Penicuik. Area council area, 137 square miles (354 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) council area, 79,290.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Midlothian — Meadhan Lodainn Verwaltungssitz Dalkeith Fläche 354 km² (21.) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Midlothian — / Meadhan Lodainn Consejo unitario de Escocia Situación de Midlothian en Escocia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Midlothian — Midlothian, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 14315 Housing Units (2000): 5386 Land area (2000): 2.829334 sq. miles (7.327940 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.829334 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Midlothian, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 14315 Housing Units (2000): 5386 Land area (2000): 2.829334 sq. miles (7.327940 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.829334 sq. miles (7.327940 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Midlothian, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 7480 Housing Units (2000): 2792 Land area (2000): 37.707776 sq. miles (97.662688 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.186526 sq. miles (0.483101 sq. km) Total area (2000): 37.894302 sq. miles (98.145789 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Midlothian —   [mɪd ləʊȓjən], ehemalige County in Schottland, seit 1996 eigenständiger Verwaltungs Distrikt, 356 km2, 79 900 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist Dalkeith, früher Kohlebergbaugebiet; Papier , Glas , Elektronikindustrie …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Midlothian — [mid lō′thē ən] administrative division of SE Scotland: formerly a county & district …   English World dictionary

  • Midlothian — For other uses of the term Midlothian , see Midlothian (disambiguation). Midlothian Midlowden Meadhan Lodainn Location …   Wikipedia

  • Midlothian — 55°53′39″N 3°04′07″O / 55.89417, 3.06861 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Midlothian — 1 Original name in latin Midlothian Name in other language Midlothian State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 32.48236 latitude 96.99445 altitude 233 Population 18037 Date 2011 10 14 2 Original name in latin Midlothian Name in… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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