- —Middle Eastern. —Middle Easterner.1. Also called Mideast. (loosely) the area from Libya E to Afghanistan, usually including Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the other countries of the Arabian peninsula.2. (formerly) the area including Iran, Afghanistan, India, Tibet, and Burma.
* * *Geographic region where Europe, Africa, and Asia meet.It is an unofficial and imprecise term that now generally encompasses the lands around the southern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean Seanotably Egypt, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, and Syriaas well as Iran, Iraq, and the countries of the Arabian Peninsula. Afghanistan, Libya, Turkey, and The Sudan are sometimes also included. The term was formerly used by Western geographers and historians to describe the region from the Persian Gulf to Southeast Asia; Near East is sometimes used to describe the same area.
* * *the lands around the southern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from Morocco to the Arabian Peninsula and Iran and sometimes beyond. The central part of this general area was formerly called the Near East, a name given to it by some of the first modern Western geographers and historians, who tended to divide the Orient into three regions. Near East applied to the region nearest Europe, extending from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf; Middle East, from the Gulf to Southeast Asia; and Far East, those regions facing the Pacific Ocean.The change in usage began to evolve prior to World War II and tended to be confirmed during that war, when the term Middle East was given to the British military command in Egypt. Thus defined, the Middle East consisted of the states or territories of Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, Palestine (now Israel), Jordan, Egypt, The Sudan, Libya, and the various states of Arabia proper (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Yemen, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, and the Trucial States, or Trucial Oman [now United Arab Emirates]. Subsequent events have tended, in loose usage, to enlarge the number of lands included in the definition. The three North African countries of Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco are closely connected in sentiment and foreign policy with the Arab states. In addition, geographic factors often require statesmen and others to take account of Afghanistan and Pakistan in connection with the affairs of the Middle East.Occasionally Greece is included in the compass of the Middle East because the Middle Eastern (then Near Eastern) question in its modern form first became apparent when the Greeks rose in rebellion to assert their independence of the Ottoman Empire in 1821 (see Eastern Question). Turkey and Greece, together with the predominantly Arabic-speaking lands around the eastern end of the Mediterranean, were also formerly known as the Levant (q.v.).Use of the term Middle East, nonetheless, remains unsettled, and some agencies (notably the United States State Department and certain bodies of the United Nations) still employ the term Near East.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Middle East — n the Middle East the area that includes Iran and Egypt and the countries which are between them →↑Far East >Middle Eastern adj … Dictionary of contemporary English
Middle East — 1. those regions between the Far East & the Near East: rarely used since WWII 2. area from Afghanistan to Libya, including Arabia, Cyprus, & Asiatic Turkey Middle Eastern adj … English World dictionary
Middle East — 1899; never defined in a generally accepted way. Early use with reference to British India. Hence Middle Eastern (1903) … Etymology dictionary
Middle East — ► NOUN ▪ an area of SW Asia and northern Africa, stretching from the Mediterranean to Pakistan, in particular Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. DERIVATIVES Middle Eastern adjective … English terms dictionary
Middle East — The Middle East redirects here. For other meanings, see Middle East (disambiguation). Middle East … Wikipedia
Middle East — Naher Osten im heutigen Sprachgebrauch Der Nahe Osten ist eine geographische Bezeichnung, die heute im Allgemeinen für arabische Staaten Vorderasiens und Israel benutzt wird. Häufig werden außerdem die Türkei, Ägypten und der Iran dazugezählt. … Deutsch Wikipedia
Middle East — Christianity originated in the Middle East and has been present there in varying levels of strength throughout the centuries. When Protestants began thinking globally in the early 19th century, the region was Muslim territory with pockets of… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
Middle East — ♦♦ N PROPER: the N The Middle East is the area around the eastern Mediterranean that includes Iran and all the countries in Asia to the west and south west of Iran. The two great rivers of the Middle East rise in the mountains of Turkey … English dictionary
Middle East — noun the Middle East the area including Iran and Egypt and the countries which are between them compare Far East Middle Eastern adjective … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
Middle East — noun the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had… … Useful english dictionary