/mer seen"/, n.
a seaport in S Turkey, on the NW coast of the Mediterranean Sea. 130,256.

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formerly  Mersina,  also called  İƈel, 

      city and seaport, south-central Turkey. It lies along the Mediterranean Sea at the extreme western end of the Cilician Plain, 40 miles (65 km) west-southwest of Adana.

      A town of recent origin, Mersin stands near the site of an unidentified ancient settlement. The ruins of the Roman harbour town of Soli-Pompeiopolis lie immediately to the west. Excavations in a mound called Yümük Tepesi, 2 miles (3 km) north of the modern harbour, indicate settlements in the remote Neolithic (New Stone Age) Period: a village was fortified there as early as about 3600 BC and again during the Old Hittite (c. 1750–1460 BC) and New Hittite (c. 1460–1200 BC) empires but was abandoned after the foundation of Pompeiopolis.

      Mersin's artificial harbour is an outlet for the agricultural products and minerals of the Cilician Plain and southeastern Anatolia. The site was chosen because of its silt-free location and its rail and road connections with the interior. A branch line links Mersin with Adana and the Istanbul–Baghdad railway. The port is connected by ferry to Cyprus. Mersin is the site of one of Turkey's largest oil refineries. Pop. (2000) 537,842.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mersin — Mersin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MERSIN — MERSIN, city in turkey , on the Mediterranean coast in Cilicia, capital of the province of Icel; population (2004), 587,800. In ancient times there was a Jewish community in the town. In 107 B.C.E., some of its Jewish inhabitants were transferred …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mersin — This article is about the city. For the province, see Mersin Province. Mersin   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Mersin — Para otros usos de este término, véase Provincia de Mersin. Mersin Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mersin — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Mesrine. Mersin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mersin — is., bit. b., Rum. Mersingillerden, Güney ve Batı Anadolu dağlarında yetişen, yaprakları yaz kış yeşil kalan, gıda ve parfüm sanayisinde ham madde olarak kullanılan, meyvesi murt adıyla bilinen, esansı çıkarılan, beyaz çiçekli, güzel kokulu bir… …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Mersin — Mẹrsin,   früher İçel [ itʃɛl], Hauptstadt der Provinz İçel, Südtürkei, am Mittelmeer, 501 400 Einwohner; meereskundlicher Zweig der TU von Ankara; Exporthafen für die Çukurova, Erdölhafen mit raffinerie; Textil , chemische,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mersin — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Mersin Country and Admin Code TR.32 TR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Mersin — geographical name city & port S Turkey on the Mediterranean WSW of Adana population 422,357 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mersin — ► C. del S de Turquía, cap. de la prov. de Içel, puerto en el Mediterráneo, al SO de Adana; 420 800 h. Refinería petrolífera …   Enciclopedia Universal

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