- /merr"jeuhr/, n.1. a statutory combination of two or more corporations by the transfer of the properties to one surviving corporation.2. any combination of two or more business enterprises into a single enterprise.3. an act or instance of merging.[1720-30; MERGE + -ER1]
* * *Combination of two or more independent business corporations into a single enterprise, usually involving the absorption of one or more firms by a dominant firm.The dominant firm may purchase the other firm's assets with cash or securities, purchase the other firm's stock, or issue its own stock to the other firm's stockholders in exchange for their shares in the acquired firm (thus acquiring the other company's assets and liabilities). In horizontal mergers, both firms produce the same commodity or service for the same market. In vertical mergers, a firm acquires either a supplier or a customer. If the merged business is not related to that of the acquiring firm, the new corporation is called a conglomerate. The reasons for mergers are various: the acquiring firm may seek to eliminate a competitor, to increase its efficiency, to diversify its products, services, and markets, or to reduce its taxes.
* * *▪ businesscorporate combination of two or more independent business corporations into a single enterprise, usually the absorption of one or more firms by a dominant one. A merger may be accomplished by one firm purchasing the other's assets with cash or its securities or by purchasing the other's shares or stock or by issuing its stock to the other firm's stockholders in exchange for their shares in the acquired firm (thus acquiring the other company's assets and liabilities).Mergers are of several different types: horizontal, if both firms produce the same commodity or service for the same market; market-extensional, if the merged firms produce the same commodity or service for different markets; or vertical, if a firm acquires either a supplier or a customer. If the merged business is not related to that of the acquiring firm, the new corporation is called a conglomerate (q.v.).The reasons for mergers are various. The acquiring firm may seek to eliminate a competitor; to increase its efficiency; to diversify its products, services, and markets; or to reduce its taxes. Merger activity varies with the business cycle, being higher when business is good.
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merger — merg·er / mər jər/ n 1: the absorption of a lesser estate or interest into a greater one held by the same person compare confusion 2: the incorporation and superseding of one contract by another 3 a: the treatment (as by statute) of two offenses… … Law dictionary
Merger — Mer ger, n. 1. One who, or that which, merges. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) An absorption of one estate, or one contract, in another, or of a minor offense in a greater. [1913 Webster] 3. The combining of two groups into a unified single group under a … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
merger — [mɛʀʒe] n. m. ÉTYM. Attesté fin XVIIIe, Restif; var. bourguignonne de murgier (XIIIe), murger (1341), mirger (1672), formes de l un des dérivés dialectaux du lat. pop. muricarium « tas de pierres ». → Mur. ❖ ♦ Régional. Tas de pierres provenant… … Encyclopédie Universelle
merger — (n.) 1728 in legal sense, extinguishment by absorption, from MERGE (Cf. merge) (v.), on analogy of French infinitives used as nouns (e.g. WAIVER (Cf. waiver)). From 1889 in the business sense; not common until c.1926. General meaning any act of… … Etymology dictionary
merger — /ˈmɛrdʒer, ˈmYːdʒə(r)/ [vc. ingl., propr. «fusione»] s. f. inv. (econ., di aziende) fusione … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
merger — *consolidation, amalgamation … New Dictionary of Synonyms
merger — [n] consolidation alliance, amalgamation, cahoots*, coadunation, coalition, combination, fusion, hookup, incorporation, lineup, melding, mergence, merging, organization, pool, takeover, tie in, tie up, unification, union; concepts 323,324,703 Ant … New thesaurus
merger — ► NOUN ▪ a merging of two things, especially companies, into one … English terms dictionary
merger — [mʉr′jər] n. a merging; specif., ☆ a) a combining of two or more companies, corporations, etc. into one, as by issuing stock of the controlling corporation to replace the greater part of that of the other or others b) the absorption of one estate … English World dictionary
merger — (1) acquisition in which all assets and liabilities ( liability) are absorbed by the buyer. Bloomberg Financial Dictionary (2) More generally, any combination of two companies. The firm s activity in this respect is sometimes called M&A (Merger… … Financial and business terms
merger — The fusion or absorption of one thing or right into another; generally spoken of a case where one of the subjects is of less dignity or importance than the other. Here the less important ceases to have an independent existence. Contract law. The… … Black's law dictionary