- /merr"shee euh, -sheuh/, n.1. an early English kingdom in central Britain.2. a female given name.
* * *Ancient kingdom, central England.One of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of the Heptarchy, it comprised the border areas, corresponding to modern Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, and northern West Midlands and Warwickshire. Offa, who ruled from 757 to 796, created a single state from the River Humber to the English Channel. After Offa's death, Mercia declined, overshadowed by Wessex. In 877 the Danes divided Mercia into English and Danish sections. After the reconquest of the Danish lands in the early 10th century, it came under the rule of Wessex.
* * *▪ ancient kingdom, England(from Old English Merce, “People of the Marches [or Boundaries]”), one of the most powerful kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England; it held a position of dominance for much of the period from the mid-7th to the early 9th century despite struggles for power within the ruling dynasty. Mercia originally comprised the border areas (modern Staffordshire, Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, and northern West Midlands and Warwickshire) that lay between the districts of Anglo-Saxon settlement and the Celtic tribes they had driven to the west. It later absorbed the Hwicce territory (the rest of West Midlands and Warwickshire, eastern Hereford and Worcester, and Gloucestershire) and spread also into what was later Cheshire, Salop, and western Hereford and Worcester. Mercia eventually came to denote an area bounded by the frontiers of Wales, the River Humber, East Anglia, and the River Thames.The first Mercian king of whom anything is known was Penda (d. 655), who became dominant throughout southern England. His sons Wulfhere and Aethelred maintained the tradition of Mercian belligerence, but under Aethelbald (reigned 716–757), who won control of London, and his cousin Offa (reigned 757–796), the kingdom reached its zenith. Offa created what was virtually a single state covering the whole country from the Humber to the English Channel and treated lesser kings (of west Sussex, East Anglia, Essex, and—for a time—Kent) as his subjects. His reign marked the greatest advance to date toward political unification of England, and this was perhaps reflected in his relations with continental rulers, notably Charlemagne, who treated him almost as an equal. After Offa's death, Mercia gradually declined before the rising power of Wessex. It suffered most gravely from the Danish attacks of the later 9th century, and from 877 it was divided into an English and a Danish area. After the reconquest of the Danish lands in the early 10th century by King Edward the Elder, Mercia was ruled by ealdormen for the Wessex kings, who became kings of all England.
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Mercia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Habitantes de Inglaterra hacia el 600 Mercia fue uno de los reinos de la heptarquía anglosajona, en lo que ahora es Inglaterra, en la región Central, con su corazón en el valle del río Trent y sus afluentes. Los… … Wikipedia Español
Mercia — f English: Latinate elaboration of MERCY (SEE Mercy), coinciding in form with the name of the Anglo Saxon kingdom of Mercia, which dominated England during the 8th century under its king, Offa … First names dictionary
Mercĭa — Mercĭa, Land der Mercier, eines Stammes der Angeln, eines der angelsächsischen Königreiche in England, begriff die im innern England gelegenen jetzigen Grafschaften Oxford, Glocester, Hereford, Northampton, Rutland, Huntingdon etc., galt bis auf … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Mercia — (spr. mérßja, Merce), das Land der Mercier (Myrcas), eines Stammes der Angelsachsen, als dessen erster König die Sage Creoda (Cridda), einen Sprößling Wodans, nennt. Es reichte vom Meer auf beiden Seiten des Flusses Trent bis an die Gebirge von… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Mercia — Mercĭa, das Land der Mercier, angelsächs. Königreich in Britannien, von der Nordsee an beiden Ufern des Trent bis nach Wales reichend, 829 vom westsächs. König Egbert unterworfen … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Mercia — Mercia, Mercien, s. Angelsachsen … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Mercia — Anglo Saxon kingdom of the Midlands, Latinized from O.E. Mierce men of the Marches, from mearc (see MARCH (Cf. march) (n.2)). Related: Mercian … Etymology dictionary
mércia — s. f. [Popular] Negócio escuro ou clandestino … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Mercia — [mʉr′shə; mʉrshē ə, mʉrsē ə] former Anglo Saxon kingdom in central & S England … English World dictionary
Mercia — This article is about the Anglo Saxon kingdom. For the Spanish city, see Murcia. For other uses, see Mercia (disambiguation). Kingdom of Mercia Miercna rīce ← … Wikipedia
Mercia — Lage des Königreichs Mercia. Hellgrüne Bereiche stellen die größte Ausdehnung im 7. bis 9. Jahrhundert dar, der dunkelgrüne Bereich ist das ursprüngliche Kerngebiet im 6. Jahrhundert. Mercia [ˈmɜː(ɹ)siə], deutsch Mercien (auch Südhumbrien =… … Deutsch Wikipedia