meperidine

/meuh per"i deen', -din/, n. Pharm.
a narcotic compound, C15H21NO2, used as an analgesic and sedative.
[1945-50; ME(THYL) + (PI)PERIDINE]

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drug
      synthetic drug used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain. It is an opioid analgesic, and thus its effects on the body resemble those of opium or morphine, one of opium's purified constituents. A common trade name for meperidine is Demerol.

      The drug acts principally on the central nervous system (nervous system, human). It can be administered orally, in liquid or tablet form, or by intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. Its effects are felt within 15 minutes and last from 3 to 5 hours. Meperidine is used to relieve pain during childbirth, although it may slow the respiratory rate of both mother and infant. The drug also may be used as an aid in preoperative sedation and anesthesia. Side effects include drowsiness, lightheadedness, dryness of the mouth, weakness, and nausea. Meperidine is highly addictive; however, its side effects tend to be less severe than those of morphine, making it a preferable choice in many instances.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • meperidine — n. A synthetic narcotic drug used as a sedative; {Demerol} is the trademark of a brand of meperidine. Syn: meperidine hydrochloride, Demerol. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • meperidine — [mə per′ə dēn΄] n. [ ME(THYL) + (PI)PERIDINE] a synthetic, bitter tasting, crystalline narcotic, C15H21NO2, used as a sedative and analgesic …   English World dictionary

  • Meperidine — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Pethidin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • meperidine — noun a synthetic narcotic drug (trade name Demerol) used to treat pain • Syn: ↑meperidine hydrochloride, ↑Demerol • Usage Domain: ↑trade name (for: ↑Demerol) • Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • meperidine — noun Etymology: methyl + piperidine Date: 1947 a synthetic narcotic drug C15H21NO2 used in the form of its hydrochloride as an analgesic, sedative, and antispasmodic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • meperidine — noun The opioid analgesic drug pethidine (INN) …   Wiktionary

  • meperidine — me·per·i·dine mə per ə .dēn n a synthetic narcotic drug used in the form of its hydrochloride C15H21NO2·HCl as an analgesic, sedative, and antispasmodic called also isonipecaine, pethidine …   Medical dictionary

  • meperidine — n. narcotic chemical compound used as a relaxant (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • meperidine — [mɛ pɛrɪdi:n] noun another term for pethidine. Origin 1940s: blend of methyl and piperidine …   English new terms dictionary

  • meperidine — me·per·i·dine …   English syllables

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