melioidosis

/mel'ee oy doh"sis/, n. Pathol.
a contagious pulmonary disease of rodents that is caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas pseudomallei and is frequently transmitted to humans in moist climates of southeastern Asia.
[1920-25; < Gk melí(s) glanders, or a similar distemper affecting asses + -OID + -OSIS]

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      a bacterial infection in humans and animals caused by Pseudomonas pseudomallei. Transmission to humans occurs through contact of a skin abrasion with contaminated water or soil rather than through direct contact with a contaminated animal. Inhalation of the pathogen also is suspected as a route of infection. The term melioidosis, from the Greek, means “a similarity to distemper of asses.” Mostly observed in humans in Southeast Asia, the disease may be acute or chronic. Acute melioidosis, which can be fatal, is characterized by fever, chills, cough, bloody and purulent sputum, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Physical examination may reveal signs of lung inflammation and pus formation, jaundice, and enlargement of the liver and spleen. Chronic melioidosis may follow the acute phase of the disease or may sometimes develop without it. It is associated with inflammation of the bones and lymph nodes and with the formation of abscesses beneath the skin and inside the lungs and abdominal organs. The diagnosis of melioidosis is established by the isolation of Pseudomonas pseudomallei in the sputum, blood, urine, or pus. Long-term treatment with sulfonamides or antibiotics is usually successful, along with surgical drainage of abscesses.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Melioidosis — Classification and external resources ICD 10 A24.1 A24.4 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • melioidosis — f. parasit. Enfermedad infecciosa provocada por Pseudomonas pseudomallei, que afecta a animales (caballos) pero que puede atacar al hombre. El tratamiento es antibiótico. Medical Dictionary. 2011. melioidosis …   Diccionario médico

  • Melioidosis — (f) eng melioidosis, Whitmore s disease …   Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz Glossar

  • Melioidosis — An infectious illness, also called Whitmore s disease, that is most frequent in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia and is caused by a bacteria called Pseudomonas pseudomallei found in soil, rice paddies and stagnant waters. Humans catch the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Melioidosis — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • melioidosis — Fatal bacterial disease of rodents in the tropics, caused by Pseudomonas pseudomallei. Affects lymph nodes and viscera …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • melioidosis — noun An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, endemic to some areas of Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Syn: Whitmore disease, Whitmores disease, Nightcliff gardeners disease …   Wiktionary

  • melioidosis — mel·i·oi·do·sis …   English syllables

  • melioidosis — n. a disease of wild rodents caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas pseudomallei. It can be transmitted to humans, possibly by rat fleas, causing pneumonia, multiple abscesses, and septicaemia. It is often fatal …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • melioidosis — /mɛliɔɪˈdoʊsəs/ (say meleeoy dohsuhs) noun an infectious tropical disease similar to glanders, caused by direct contact with the bacteria Burkholderia pseudomallei in contaminated water and soil; endemic in South East Asia; pseudoglanders;… …   Australian English dictionary

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