- /mek nes"/, n.a city in N Morocco: former capital of Morocco. 244,520.
* * *City (pop., 1994: 459,958), north-central Morocco.It was one of Morocco's four imperial cities, founded in the 10th century by a Berber tribe. Originally a group of villages among olive groves, it became the Moroccan capital in 1673 under Maulāy Ismāʾīl, who built palaces and mosques that earned for Meknès the name "Versailles of Morocco." After his death it declined, and in 1911 it was occupied by the French. It is now a commercial centre for agricultural products, fine embroidery, and carpets.
* * *▪ Moroccocity, north-central Morocco. It lies about 70 miles (110 km) from the Atlantic Ocean and 36 miles (58 km) southwest of Fès. One of Morocco's four imperial cities, it was founded in the 10th century by the Zanātah tribe of the Meknassa Imazighen ( Berbers) as Meknassa al-Zaytūn (“Meknès of the Olives”), a group of villages among olive groves; it grew around Takarart, an 11th-century Almoravid citadel. Meknès became the Moroccan capital in 1673 under Mawlāy Ismāʿīl (Ismāʿīl), who built palaces and mosques that earned for Meknès the name “Versailles of Morocco.” His city wall, fortified by four-cornered towers and pierced by nine ornamented gates, still stands. After his death the city declined. In 1911 it was occupied by the French, who built a new quarter, separated from the old by the Bou Fekrane River. Meknès has massive buildings of a heavy splendour, the Roua (stables said to have housed 12,000 horses), and celebrated gardens irrigated by water from a 10-acre (4-hectare) artificial lake.Meknès is a commercial centre for the surrounding fertile agricultural plateau region and is also a market for fine embroidery and carpets, woven chiefly by Amazigh women of the Middle Atlas (Moyen Atlas) mountains. The city is linked by road to Rabat and by rail with Rabat, Fès, Tangier (Tanger), and Casablanca. The ruins of the Roman Volubilis and the holy city of Idrīs, who founded the Idrīsid dynasty, are nearby.Grapes, cereals (primarily wheat), citrus fruits, olives, sheep, goats, and cattle are raised in the surrounding region. Fluorite is mined near Meknès. Pop. (2004) 536,232.
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Meknès — مكناس,ⴰⵎⴻⴽⵏⴰⵙ Administration … Wikipédia en Français
Meknes — ⵎⴽⵏⴰⵙ/مكناس Downtown Meknes at Dusk … Wikipedia
Meknes — Meknès Meknès Administration Pays … Wikipédia en Français
MEKNÈS — MEKNÈS, town in morocco . Jews settled in the region of Meknès before the advent of islam . A Hebrew inscription has been found and the remains of a synagogue were uncovered in the excavations of Volubilis, which is near Meknès. A kinah of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Meknès — Hilfe zu Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
MEKNÈS — Chef lieu de province du Maroc situé au nord ouest, sur le plateau du Saïs, au sud du djebel Zerhoun, à 60 kilomètres à l’ouest de Fès; le nom de Meknès est issu de la tribu arabe des Meknassa, venue camper sur le plateau vers le Xe siècle. Sa… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Meknès — [mɛk nɛs], Stadt in Marokko, im nördlichen Vorland des Mittleren Atlas, am Oued Boufekrane, 530 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 465 100 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz der Wirtschaftsregion Mitte Süd; Bildungszentrum u. a. mit Militärakademie, Musikschule … Universal-Lexikon
Meknès — [mek nes′] city in NC Morocco: pop. 401,000 … English World dictionary
Meknes — Minaret der Medersa Bou Inania Mosaik am Stadttor Bab Mansour Meknès (arabisch … Deutsch Wikipedia
Meknes — Original name in latin Mekns Name in other language Mekinez, Meknes, Mekns, mei ke nei si, mekunesu, mknas, mqns, Мекнес State code MA Continent/City Africa/Casablanca longitude 33.89352 latitude 5.54727 altitude 531 Population 545705 Date 2012… … Cities with a population over 1000 database