/me dahn"/, n.
a city in NE Sumatra, in W Indonesia. 635,562.

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City (pop., 1995 est.: 1,843,919), northeastern Sumatra.

After tobacco plantations were introduced in 1873, Medan became the commercial centre of an agricultural region where cash crops, including tobacco and rubber, were raised for export. It was made a city by the Dutch in 1886. It was occupied by the Japanese during World War II. The sultan of Deli's palace dates to the 19th century. Medan is the seat of the University of North Sumatra and the Islamic University of North Sumatra.

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      kotamadya (municipality) and capital of North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) (Sumatera Utara) propinsi (province), Indonesia. It lies along the Deli River in northeastern Sumatra. Medan's harbour is Belawan, 12 miles (19 km) north on the Strait of Malacca. The chief historical building is the sultan of Deli's palace, built for him by the Dutch in the 19th century. There is also a large mosque and a tobacco-research facility. The University of North Sumatra (1952) and the Islamic University of North Sumatra are in Medan. A railway carries agricultural products to Medan from the interior, and there is an international airport. The city's light industry produces bricks, tile, and machinery.

      Once the occasional home of the sultan of Deli, Medan became, after the introduction of tobacco plantations to the area in 1873, the centre of a vast region of export-crop agriculture (tobacco, tea, palm products, rubber). The population comprises descendants of Chinese traders, Malay plantation workers (the indigenous population), Javanese contract workers, and Bataks, who have immigrated in large numbers since independence ended the power of the old Malay nobility.

      Contemporary Medan supplies the oil and natural gas fields of northern Sumatra and continues the traditional export of plantation crops. Pronounced a city by the Dutch in 1886, it became a municipality in 1909 and was briefly the capital of East Sumatra after the Japanese occupation during World War II. Pop. (2005) 2,029,797.

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Universalium. 2010.

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