mayonnaise

/may'euh nayz", may"euh nayz'/, n.
a thick dressing of egg yolks, vinegar or lemon juice, oil, and seasonings, used for salads, sandwiches, vegetable dishes, etc.
[1835-45; < F, equiv. to mayon (perh. var. of MAHÓN, town in Minorca) + -aise -ESE]

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sauce
      cold sauce originating in French cuisine, an emulsion of raw egg yolks and vegetable oil. As the yolks are continuously beaten, oil is added little by little until a thick cream results. Plain mayonnaise is flavoured with lemon juice, mustard, or vinegar.

      This rich, mild sauce serves as the base of dozens of variations such as mayonnaise verte (with puréed green herbs), sauce rémoulade (with anchovies, pickles, and capers), sauce aïoli (a Provençal mayonnaise flavoured with a great deal of garlic), and salad dressings such as Thousand Island and Russian dressings.

      The term mayonnaise is also used to denote cold dishes and salads that are dressed with this sauce, as egg mayonnaise or lobster mayonnaise.

      The etymology of the word mayonnaise is uncertain. It may be a corruption of moyeunaise, moyeu being an old French word denoting the yolk of an egg. The French chef Antonin Carème thought that it derived from the verb manier, meaning “to stir.” Another possibility is that it was named after the victory of the Duke de Richielieu at Mahon in Minorca in 1757.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mayonnaise — Mayonnaise …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • mayonnaise — [ majɔnɛz ] adj. et n. f. • 1806; altér. de mahonnaise, p. ê. en souvenir de la prise de Port Mahon en 1756 ♦ Sauce mayonnaise : sauce froide composée d huile, de jaunes d œufs et d assaisonnements variés battus jusqu à prendre de la consistance …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mayonnaise — Sf std. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. mayonnaise, das meist auf frz. mahonnaise, dem französischen Adjektiv zu Puerto Mahon, dem Namen einer Stadt auf Menorca, zurückgeführt wird. Die Erklärung ist nicht sehr wahrscheinlich. Vielleicht… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • mayonnaise — (n.) sauce made from egg yolks, oil, and vinegar, 1815, from Fr. sauce mayonnaise (1806), said by French sources to be corrupted from mahonnaise and to have been named in recognition of Mahon, seaport capital of island of Minorca, captured by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Mayonnaise — Mayonnaise: Die Bezeichnung für eine pikante, aus Eigelb, Öl, Salz und Essig hergestellte Tunke wurde im 19. Jh. aus gleichbed. frz. mayonnaise, älter mahonaise entlehnt. Die weitere Herkunft des frz. Wortes ist unklar. Vielleicht gehört es zu… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • mayonnaise — ma yon naise , n. [F.] A thick white sauce compounded of raw yolks of eggs beaten up with olive oil to the consistency near to that of a gel, and seasoned with vinegar, pepper, salt, etc.; used in dressing salads, fish, etc. Also, a dish dressed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mayonnaise — (franz., spr. majonnǟse, besser Mah onn aise), eine 1756 erfundene und zu Ehren der in diesem Jahr erfolgten Eroberung der Feste Mahon auf Menorca durch die Franzosen benannte kalte, dickflüssige Sauce, bereitet aus Eigelb, Salz, seinem Olivenöl… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mayonnaise — (frz., spr. majonnähs ), Sauce aus Eidottern, Öl, Essig, Senf u.a., zu kaltem Geflügel, Fisch etc …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • mayonnaise — ► NOUN ▪ a thick creamy dressing made from egg yolks, oil, and vinegar. ORIGIN French, meaning from Port Mahon (the capital of Minorca) …   English terms dictionary

  • mayonnaise — [mā΄ə nāz′, mā′ə nāz΄] n. [Fr, earlier mahonnaise, apparently fem. of mahonais, of Mahón, Minorca: reason for name unknown] 1. a creamy salad dressing or sauce made by beating together egg yolks, olive oil or other vegetable oil, lemon juice or… …   English World dictionary

  • Mayonnaise — For other uses, see Mayonnaise (disambiguation). Standard ingredients and tools to make mayonnaise. Mayonnaise, pronounced: [majɔnɛːz], often abbreviated as mayo,[1] is a sauce …   Wikipedia

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