Maui

/mow"ee/, n.
an island in central Hawaii. 54,985; 728 sq. mi. (1886 sq. km).

* * *

      volcanic island, Maui county, Hawaii, U.S. It is separated from Molokai (northwest) by the Pailolo Channel, from Hawaii (southeast) by the Alenuihaha Channel, and from the small islands of Lanai and Kahoolawe (both to the west) by the Auau and Alalakeiki channels, respectively. With an area of 728 square miles (1,886 square km), the island is the second largest of the Hawaiian chain (after Hawaii island); it is also the second youngest of the Hawaiian Islands. Maui takes its name from a Polynesian demigod. It was created by two volcanoes, Puu Kukui and Haleakala, which constitute east and west peninsulas connected by a 7-mile- (11-km-) wide valleylike isthmus that has earned Maui the nickname of the “valley isle.” The island was first settled by Polynesians c. AD 700. A 14th-century Hawaiian chief, Piilani, built the island's largest stone temple, Piilanihale Heiau (still extant), and an extensive road system. In 1795 the island fell to Kamehameha I. In the early 1820s both whalers and missionaries began to arrive. Whaling began to decline in the 1860s as the sugar industry grew. About a century later, sugar was supplanted by tourism.

       Lahaina, a port on the west coast, was an early whaling centre. Maui's other important settlements are Wailuku (the county seat), Kahului, and Hana. Maui county consists of the islands of Maui, Kahoolawe, Lanai, and Molokai. These four islands, together with Penguin Bank (a shoal west of Molokai), once formed a single landmass known as Maui Nui (“Great Maui”). Tourism is the biggest contributor to the local economy. Notable attractions include pristine beaches, Wailua Falls, and Kealia Pond National Wildlife Refuge (which protects one of the few remaining natural wetlands in the state). Haleakala National Park contains the beautiful ‘Ohe‘o Gulch (also known—erroneously—as the Seven Sacred Pools) of Kipahulu Valley, a series of cascading waterfalls and pools. The island also contains a humpback whale sanctuary. The American aviator Charles A. Lindbergh (Lindbergh, Charles A.) is buried near ‘Ohe‘o Gulch.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maui — von See aus fotografiert (Westküste) Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean Inselgr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Māui — nahm die Gestalt einer Taube an, als er versuchte, seinen Vater in der Unterwelt zu finden Māui, auch genannt Māui tikitiki, ist in der Mythologie der Māori Neuseelands ein Halbgott, bewundert und berühmt für seine spektakulären Heldentaten und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Māui — (with a long a), as opposed to Maui (with a short a) is the proper name of a mythical demigod on several of the Polynesian islands. see: Māui (Hawaiian mythology) (while Maui is the island) Maui (Mangarevan mythology) Māui (Māori mythology) Maui… …   Wikipedia

  • Maui — Maui,   die zweitgrößte Insel von Hawaii, USA, 1 888 km2, 91 400 Einwohner; Hauptort ist Wailuku (10 300 Einwohner). Auf Maui liegt der Vulkan Haleakala …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Maui — (Mauwi), eine der größeren Inseln des Sandwichs Archipels (nordöstliches Polynesien), nordwestlich von der Hauptinsel Hawai gelegen; besteht aus zwei durch einen flachen Isthmus verbundenen Halbinseln; im Osten gebirgig (höchster Gipfel: Halea… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Maui — Maui, Insel des Hawaï Archipels (s. das Textkärtchen bei Art. »Hawaï Inseln«), 1885 qkm groß mit (1900) 25,416 Einw., besteht aus zwei durch einen flachen Isthmus verbundenen Halbinseln, von denen die östliche den erloschenen, 3058 m hohen Vulkan …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maui — (Mowi), eine der Sandwichinseln, 1885 qkm, (1900) 25.416 E.; Hauptort Lahaina …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Maui — [mou′ē] [Haw] one of the Hawaiian Islands, southeast of Oahu: 727 sq mi (1,883 sq km); pop. 118,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Maui — For other uses, see Maui (disambiguation). Maui The Valley Isle Landsat satellite image of Maui. The small island to the southwest is Kahoʻolaw …   Wikipedia

  • Maui — Localización en el estado de Hawái …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maui — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Maui (homonymie). Maui Image satellite de Maui ; la petite île au sud ouest est Kahoola …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.